Change In Science during the Renaissance - Coggle Diagram
Change In Science during the Renaissance
Science in the Renaissance
Galileo Galilei was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher.
He was a pioneer of the Scientific Method
(1) Galileo proved that all objects fall at the same rate of acceleration
(2) Galileo proved that speed increases in proportion to the distance of the fall
(3) By using an improved telescope, Galileo was able to see 4 of Jupiter's moons orbiting around Jupiter, thus proving that celestial objects can orbit other celestial beings other than Earth. With the Craters on the Moon, Galileo was able to refute Aristotle's theory about the heavens
Galileo concluded that physics apply equally throughout the Universe
Galileo failed to convince the Church that Helio-Centrism does not contradict the Bible. He was sentenced to House Arrest for the remainder of his life, and forbidden from publishing his writings
The ban on the complete, uncensored works of Galileo was lifted only in 1835
Galileo's contribution to a scientific method based on experiments, is the reason he is considered the "father of modern physics"
Galileo Galilei was obsessed with Science, especially its mathematical features and the calculations at the base of Copernicus's heliocentric theory. Galileo's father wanted him to become a doctor but mathematics drew him in
Galileo created many inventions such as an early thermometer and a very well done telescope
This Telescope helped him observe the moons on Jupiter, it helped him understand that the Milky Way was a collection of stars, it helped him observe irregular spots on the sun, etc.
He was a Polish Mathematician and Astronomer. He originally came up with the Helio-Centric model
Just before his death in 1543, he published a book on the revolution of the Celestial Spheres. He noted problems with classical astronomical theory and determined that the Universe was Helio-Centric
At First he studied Art and Math, then Medicine, then later Law. Only after a while did he find interest in Astrology
In 1513, he built his own observatory to observe the universe.
He proposed the idea that the amount of time a planet or celestial being takes to orbit the sun is relative to the distance of that being from the sun.
He spotted a new star and comet which confirmed that the Universe was not immutably and perfectly created
Kepler stated that the orbits of the planets aren't perfectly circular but rather elliptical
Science before the Renaissance
Aristotle was a Greek Philosopher, one of the fathers of Western Philosophy (384 - 322 BC)
(1) He claimed that Velocity of falling bodies is relative to their weight
(2) He claimed that falling objects maintain at a constant speed
(3) He also claimed that the Earth is the center of the Universe while the stars and planets are metaphysical beings that revolve around it (Geo-Centrism)
The Catholic Church taught that the Earth was the center of the Universe and always had been since the Creation. Every Celestial Being (Moon, Planets, Sun, etc.) perfectly circularly orbited the Earth like the rings of an onion and everything else fell into the realm of Divine, whos light pierced through in the form of stars
Italian Monk, Giordano Bruno was burned for teaching the Helio-Centric findings
Ptolemy was the first one to propose the Geo-Centric model
What led to the Scientific Revolution