Topic 11 Islam and the West - Coggle Diagram
Topic 11 Islam and the West
Spread of Islam
In 630., the sanctuary Kaaba was immediately consecrated to Allah
When Mohammed died in 632, Islam ruled Arabia
He took possession of Medina, and imposed his power and the Islamic doctrine, through attacks on caravans and nearby villages.
The father-in-law of the prophet, Abu Bakr, was the first caliph or successo
Pilgrimage from Medina to Mecca, which has served as a model that every Muslim must perform once in his life
A debt with Islam
The Arabs translated texts and thus arrived in Europe to the medieval world.
The propagation and improvement of decimal arithmetic, a requirement for the subsequent development of other sciences.
The invention of Algebra.
The induction of the experimental method in the sciences.
A series of techniques in chemistry, physics, mining, metallurgy, architecture and many other applied sciences.
The provinces were governed by the emirs, always appointed by the caliph, who also appointed the cadis or judges.
The Arabic language spread rapidly throughout the conquered areas, as well as its currency, the dinar.
It is the period of nine centuries of cultural, religious and military expansion of the Islamic civilization.
Arabia and the origin of Islam
The founder of Islam was Muhammad. He was born in Arabia (year 570 or 571)
Where there were few inhabitants, and all of them spoke Arab.People were polytheistic
The main city was Mecca
Well of ZamZam and Kaaba, were worshiped as Gods
Islam is the largest religion in Africa and Asia, and it is important in Europe and even America. Followers are known in three ways: Islamists, Mohammedans (that is, followers of Muhammad), or Muslims. Although the majority of Arabs profess Islam, there are also other religions and many Muslims who are not Arabs.
In the year 570, Muhammad was born orphan in the city of Mecca, Arabian Peninsula.
He was raised by his uncle Abu Talib, who took him on his trips as a merchant.
At age 25 he married to a wealthy widow, Jadicha, with whom he had a comfortable life.
The polytheism was a mistake. There was only one God (Allah) to be worshiped.