Causes of WW2 - Coggle Diagram
Causes of WW2
Short term: The Great Depression
Any kind of economic recovery after WW1 was dependent on the United States economy.
The Dawes Plan was adopted as a solution to the Ruhr crisis and economic turmoil. Reparations flowed from Germany to France to Britain and paid back wartime debts to the US. Making them Totally reliant on the US economy.
after the wall street crash US banks recalled the German loans plunging Germany into depression.
8 million germany were unemployed by 1932 and the nazis rode this wave of economic hardship into office
the Great Depression brought an expansionist Ideology to power.
prompted countries into adopting protectionist policies that isolated countries such as Germany and Japan who were looking for market elsewhere
The depression increased economic rivalries and fueled diplomatic isolationismparticularly in the United States
Long term: Fascist/Nazi agression
in 1935 Italy invaded Abyssinia in a quest for empire of its own, destabilizing the diplomatic situation in Europe further.
The Italian military was expanded as an expression of national strength and virility.
Nazism preached the need for Germany to expand in response to economic and demographic pressures.
the tool for expansion was to be a massive and modern national military seen and expression of strength in Italy and Germany
Short term: German Expansion
Hitler tried to undo the Treaty of Versailles in 1935 hitler tore up the disarmament clauses of the treaty and announced conscription and rearmament.
Anglo-German Naval Agreement expanded German navy with permission form the British.
re-occupation of the Rhineland
Hitler ignored the Munich Agreement within six months of signing and occupied what remained of Czechoslovakia
Long term: central powers in Europe were sliding into chaos
at the end of WW1 there was little stability and peace in Europe brought on by the treaty of versailles.
the allies tried to recreate the conditions of the 19th century that had brought them power.
Britain, France, and the United States didn't solve any problems in international affairs that lead to WW1 in the treaty of Versailles
Long term: problems with international affairs
Germany was dissatisfied with its place in European and world politics.
The Treaty of Versailles has stripped it of its colonies which angered the Germans
France and Britain used their military to defend their colonies leaving them only diplomacy to maintain their international interests.
France did nothing when the Nazis invaded the Rhineland
France and Britain rigorously upheld their non-interventionist stance
Britain and France unnecessarily guaranteed Poland's borders
Long Term: Nationalism
nationalism in the Balkans riled the Italians
Nationalism also posed a threat to more established empires such as the British and French