implementing change: Meiji restoration - Coggle Diagram
implementing change: Meiji restoration
the government and the samurai had many arguments as to they should or shouldn't make treaties with the west. eventually the Harris treaty was made.
the Japanese had opened a dock to trade with the Dutch as they didn't bring missionaries which meant that they were only the re for trade and nothing else. later on they started to trade with the USA
many countries forced Japan into signing a trade agreement and to open docks.
the countries who did force japan into signing these agreements are the USA, Britain, Russia an many more
during the 1850s the high tax made people unhappy causing civil unrest.
As the new government was formed they saw how other countries who modernized were much stronger then they were so they pushed for modernization
Before the Harris treaty Japan had only opened up one port to one country
After the Harris treaty five ports had been opened up to the USA
the people who were lead by the samurai overthrew the bakufu and made the emperor have power again
the rulership changed hands from the shogun to the emperor because the bakufu and shogun lost the support of the people.
this government had to make itself different from the old one, so their charter was made.
this government changed from an oligarchy to a monarchy
goals of the government
the goal of the government were to "enrich the country, strengthen the military."
Ideas and Knowledge
changes in ideas about class/social roles
Instead of people being rewarded of whos' decedents they are but by what skills they had. This change in systems made hereditary nobles more rare.
They were not surprised when the Bakufu and the Samurai were arguing whether or not to sign the Harris treaty. They thought that isolation was no longer possible. However they didn't want to be taken over by another country, so they thought that it was a good idea to use Western technology to help Japan.
They thought that Japan could be isolated forever and that letting the western "barbarians" in shouldn't be aloud for fear of changing how they should live.
During 1872 there was a change in universal education. this happened because of the new government.
In the begging there were Shintoism and Buddhism, they were quite similar until the government reorganized in into something completely different. Shintoism became the state religion having many government supported temples.
some of the unofficial rules consisted of knowing your place
other rules were things like dressing to the occasion
other rules came as limitations and expectations
change in societal roles
the people who played major roles in overthrowing the emperor became the new daimyo
the new rules made it so that you weren't able to switch classes
some of the old daimyo became governors while others became peasants
some samurai became nobility while some of the daimyo gave up there lands while others became governours
the common class consisted of merchants, artisans, and famers.
the emperor was the head of state and made all major desions
the only bit of equality is that every daimyo has equal say to the emperor.
because the Mejia period was still technically a feudal society there wasn't much equality
the iwakura mission
the first mission that sent people outside of Japan to visit other nations
where a group of people control the state or company
the Harris treaty
the first trade treaty between japan and the USA
is a religious faith
where everyone is equal
the state religion of japan
the state of supreme power and authority
contact with others
After the defeat of the first opium war china had to give many privileges to the west. this came as a big surprise to japan as they saw China as an extremely powerful nation.
After they won the first opium was against China japan started to realize how powerful the west was so they decided to start to learn more about the west.
Before the new government the USA wanted to set up a trade agreement so that they could get coal as japan was the only place on the way to china that they could get coal from.
Tsar Alexander wanted to trade with Japan but the Bakufu did not respond, when asked again they said that they were not interested in trading with others. furious with how long it took to give him an answer he aloud for attacks on japan to be made.
this mission was made to interact with the worlds major powers and to find new technologies that could be put to use in Japan.