why study grammar? - Coggle Diagram
why study grammar?
2 periods of English grammar
descriptive - described language phenomena
prescriptive - stated strict rules of grammatical usage
- tries to explain the phenomena of language by studying their history (old english nouns had gender, number and case distinctions)
- compares the grammatical phenomena of language with those of related languages (Rus: я-меня; Eng: I-me)
- concerned with the general principles which underlie the grammatical phenomena of all languages.
From the appearance of H.Sweet’s book the1940’s, when were only two types of grammars – prescriptive and explanatory
several new types of grammar
gives a formalized description of language system as it exists;
shows how different sentences are divided from a few nuclear sentences (The door opened. The door did open. Did the door open?)
orientated studies the theme-rheme integration in a sentence. (Our biggest problem is lack of money)
orientated concentrates on the semantic structure of sentences;
orientated focuses on the functional side of language
places text in focus.
:red_flag: Objects and tasks of grammar :red_flag:
of practical grammar is to help the student acquire mastery of the native or foreign language
of theoretical grammar is to study the structure of the language in the light of the general principles of linguistics.
:warning: Main branches of grammar :warning:
studies the grammatical structure of words and the categories realized by them
studies the grammatical relations between words and other units within the sentence