Japanese History Timeline, Here is an example of Jomon pottery:…
Japanese History Timeline
Jomon Period (10,000 - 3,000 BCE)
Yayoi (300BCE - 300CE)
Kofun-Asuka (300CE - 710CE)
Haniwa figures developed as burial companions as Japanese culture progressed.
Nara Period (710 - 814)
Heian Period (814 - 1185)
Kamakura Period (1185 - 1333)
Muromachi (1333 - 1576)
Momoyama (1576 - 1600)
The Momoyama period, while politically eventful, led to no massive developments in art or literature. The main effects of this period come from the peace that followed the conflict within this time, which leads into the Edo period.
Edo Period (1600 - 1867)
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Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the present Shogunate, attempted to retain order after the chaos of the Warring States Period which ended somewhat in vain. The increase of the merchant class became much more apparent, and tea became a rather prevalent commodity.
The presence of Zen Buddhism greatly influenced Muromachi-era art, mainly through its peaceful and appreciative attitude that focuses on the harmony in life.
Emperor Go-Daigo tries in vain to restore the power of the Imperial Court and is overpowered by the new Shogun, Ashikaga Takauji. An internal conflict between the Shogun and the daimyo, who attempt to gain a greater role in political affairs. This period is known as the warring states period. On an entirely different note, the first Japanese interaction with Europe, through Portuguese missionaries, ended rather uneventfully.
Art itself did not develop greatly during this period, but with samurai culture becoming increasingly prevalent, depictions of samurai became similarly prevalent.
Minamoto no Yoritomo wins the Genpei war against the Taira clan, which begins the shift of power towards the shogunate, as well as the creation of a much more feudal society. The Imperial Court is relegated to a much more symbolic role in government, allowing the Shogunate to thrive.
Physical art did not develop noticeably during this time, but a court culture centered around elaborate poetry began to grow, leading to the creation of the first novel.
The Samurai were created as feudal warriors, which began the downfall of the Heian Court, which peaked in this time period.
The Nara period showed major developments in traditional Japanese painting techniques as a result of a newfound interest in art forms.
Japanese civilization developed into a more agrarian, farm-based society, and their pottery styles changed as well, similarly creating the name for the period
Society in the Jomon period was largely hunter/gatherer-based, but they still created pottery, the style of which became the name of the period.
Here is an example of Jomon pottery:
Here is an example of Yayoi pottery: