Hinduism and Buddhism - Coggle Diagram
Hinduism and Buddhism
Vedas: religious texts originating from India
Brahma Creates the universe
Vishnu Preserves the universe
Shiva Destroys the universe
Upanishads: philosophical and religious texts of Hinduism. Name translates to "sit down closely"
The Vedas are contained in this text
Rig Veda: earliest of the 4 vedas. hymns that praise the gods.
quote: "One should respect his motherland, his culture and his mother tongue because they are givers of happiness."
Sama Veda: "storehouse of knowledge of chants" "rig veda set to music" combines melodies and rig verses.
Yajur Veda: from Yajus meaning "worship," it is mostly mantras for spiritual worship
Trimurti: the idea of the holy trinity (see below)
Four Noble Truths:
- truth of suffering
-the truth of the end of suffering
-the truth of the cause of suffering
-the truth of the path to the end of suffering.
practicing this is supposed to let someone out of the cycle of rebirth, and that is the whole point of buddhism. One's karma determines this.
- right view
- right resolve
- right speech
- right conduct
- right livelihood
- right effort
- right mindfulness
- right samadhi ('meditative absorption or union') (also very very close to the French word for Sunday which is interesting and cool)
- Highest Spiritual Leader of Tibet
- currently on the 14th Dalai Lama
- Head Monk of Tibetan Buddhism
- Was in charge of ruling Tibet until 1959 when the Chinese interupted
Compassion: knowing that one is part of a greater whole and is interdependant and connected to that whole.
Bodhisattva: Any person who is on the path to buddhahood.
A quote from Buddha: "We are what we think. All that we are arises with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we make the world."
Caste System: Brahmins, Kshatriyas,
and the Shudras-- originated from Brahma the god of Creation
Stages of spiritual evolution Ashrama system:
4 age based life stages
Grihastha: House Holder
(part of dharma concept)
The Four Yogas:
Karma: Path of service through selfless actions for the good of others
Bhakti: expression of love of the divine through spiritual rituals
Jnana: Path of intellect and wisdom; includes study of sacred texts, debates and discussions.
Raja: "Royal Path" to personal enlightenment. Enlightenment is reached by balancing the other three branches of yoga.
Siddhartha/ The Buddha is the creator of buddhism
- born a prince in ancient India and was very sheltered
- went into the world and saw the bad parts so he decided to understand the world through meditation and reflection
- spiritual teacher, meditator, philosopher, and religious leader
- Enlightened one who has transcended Karma and escaped birth and rebirth.
"The Bad Parts" (AKA the four passing sights"
- An old man- shows old age and death
- A diseases body- shows illness
- A corpse- shows death
- A monk with a shaven head- shows withdrawal from the world
Bo tree- "Tree of Enlightenment" A sacred fig tree that the buddha is said to have reached enlightenment under
Karma: The sum of a person's actions (good and bad) in all existences (current and previous) to decide their fate in future existences
Dharma: The eternal and inherent nature of reality. (cosmic law in Hinduism)
Samsara: means "wandering" or "world" the concept of rebirth and the cycles of life matter and existence
- Around 2000 BCE: organized towns, uniform weights, pottery, elaborate drainage system with underground channels
- The Indus Valley Script has never been deciphered (cool!)
- the creation of major religions
- establishing the first nine numbers AND the first uses of zero (weirdly that is something that wasn't used or made sense to people before and that is super weird to me because it's possible to have nothing???)