Initiating and Planning Projects - Coggle Diagram
Initiating and Planning Projects
Project is a unique and temporary endeavor (начинание, стремление)
It has a defined beginning and end
the purpose of the project is to create a specific product or service or to make changes to a specific product or service
Day to day operations are not projects
When you execute a project, you have certain constraints (ограничения) that you face.
Sometimes there can be some project coordination involved. And that coordination takes place between the functional departments such as marketing, operations, finance, information technology
You might not be involved as a project manager
Each manager of each group oversees their part of the project. Employees working on the project may or may not know there's a project.
There's probably limited conversation between team members, because they do not know they are a team. And there are probably no project team meetings
Functional manager is someone who has a responsibility over a specific area and doesn't typically run projects
works very well for groups who do not run very many projects or for projects which are not complicated and not on a tight deadline
Functional manager is in charge and he or she will probably have the assistance of a coordinator
The project coordinator will help maintain the schedule and the status and assist the functional manager, but the coordinator, not gonna have any decision making responsibility.
is good, when the functional manager in charge has much of the required expertise and simply needs help with project coordination
Project manager has some decision making responsibilities, but so does the functional manager.
The project manager manages the team to stay within scope and schedule and budget
Functional manager will make decisions as to who does the work and how that work is to be accomplished
works well when it's easy to divide decision making and responsibility between the project manager and the functional manager
Project manager has much more responsibility and authority. But not complete responsibility and authority. He or she still cannot make all of the decisions
makes sense for the project manager to have more of the authority and the decision making, but not all of it, then
work well when team members are going to be assigned to a combination of multiple projects and also other work
And in a matrix, team members could be assigned to quite a few projects. In a matrix situation, you as the project manager, most likely you're running multiple projects
Project manager is king or queen
The team is dedicated, works on this one project, and the project manager will act as the manager of the team
is good for a very critical project, especially if time is of the essence