Why did the USA and USSR emerge as superpowers in 1945?, The old balance…
Why did the USA and USSR emerge as superpowers in 1945?
After 1945 Britain and France became powers of the second rank. (Source B)
Out of all the western allied Britain lost more from the war.
The Axis New Orders (Nazis, Italians, Japanese), and the ideological baggage that they carried behind them, was stopped from using.
Ideas of democracy and international collaboration in the West, were the most popular once thought out the world.
1945, President Truman recognised the transformation of America’s position, as they possessed an Atomic bomb.
In the absence of any powerful neighbours, Stalin’s state became the dominant political giant throughout eastern Europe and Asia.
Communism was supported by the Red Army (military power). This power gave credibility to communism as a political system. Securing its survival.
Germany had weaker allies and weaker forces due to the attacks from the Soviet superpower and the American air forces. Due to this Germany and one of its bigger allies Japan dropped from being superpowers and the US and USSR rosed. (Extract A)
By 1945 American had over 12 million men in the armed forces, over 70 thousand naval vessels, and 73 thousand aircraft, They also had the atomic bomb.
The war was an example that the Soviet Union was a force for world progress.
The American economy emerged in 1945. it was strengthened by the war and was caple of out producing all the great powers together.
The united states alone had the economic power to prevent the return to economic flow and international instability. (Extract C)
The whole world saw the USSR and US as the savoirs of the war.
The old balance of power
A dominant role in the worlds economy