Erosion, biodiversity, contamination and the declining state of soil in…
Erosion, biodiversity, contamination and the declining state of soil in Europe
8 Main Aspects/Indicators of Soil Degradation
Erosion from wind or water
Landslides caused by land-use change or land abandonment
Various types of soil contamination
Low levels of organic matter
Soil Sealing: Caused by machinery compaction. Reduces soil water storage and makes soil less permable (harder to go through) for plant roots
Salinisation from fertilizer and irrigation warer use
Biodiversity decline: Soil contamination, erosion, salinisation, and sealing causes this
Sealing when soils get used for urban/industrial development or transport infrastructure
How was this problem created?
The main cause of this problem is non-sustainable uses of the land.
How are they going to solve this problem?
The EU Commission created a "thematic strategy" in 2006 which aims to take into account all the threats and protect the soil's health for future generations.
Thematic Strategy: This strategy involves them identifying the problem and then creative different solutions to prevent these 8 main aspects/indicators of soil degradation from happening even more
The Common Agricultural Policy plays a key role. It encourages farming practices that maintain soil fertility
They have a roadmap which is aimed at making Europe's economy a sustainable one by 2050. Since soil is a key natural recourse, this means that it will also be focused on during this process