Post-Abbasid Scholars Group 3 10am - Coggle Diagram
Post-Abbasid Scholars Group 3 10am
He was known as these things because of his contributions which were quite revolutionary, in astronomy, mathematics, physics, chemistry philosophy, and Isma`ili theology.
He is also famously remembered for having convinced Hulagu to build an observatory in order to construct accurate astronomical tables for improved astrological predictions
He was better known as Nasir Al Din, : was born in Tus (Khorasan) and died in Baghdad, was regarded by Ibn Khaldun as the greatest of the later Persian scholars; a polymath and prolific writer.
The famous observatory was the Maragha observatory became the most important pre-modern one altogether, and Tusi was its director until he died.
There he made important contributions both in observations describing the Milky Way as a concentration of stars, three centuries before Galileo).
Now him being the student of Al Shirazi, e studied Ibn al-Haytham’s Kitab Al Manazir so thoroughly that he was able to produce a revision of it whcih was called Tanqih Al Manazir. It was here where he was in the process producing the first mathematically correct explanation of the rainbow (taking refraction into account), and a good explication of the nature of colors beyond what Ibn al-Haytham had reached.
In number theory, his most important work was Tadhkirat al-Ahbab fi Bayan al-Tahabb (Memorandum for Friends on the Proof of Amicability), where he introduced a major new approach based on factorization and combinatorial methods.
He was born in Tabriz (Iran) (Iran) and he was a mathematician and physicist who made important contributions in numbers theory and in optics.
Being Nasir Al Din Tusi's student, he reviewed and revised a number of topics with him, including the essential medical canon of Ibn Sina.
He was a Persian polymath and poet who made contributions in astronomy, mathematics, physics, medicine, philosophy, and other fields.
Specifically in astronomy, his important work was Nehayat al-Idrak fi Dirayat al-Aflak (The Limit of Accomplishment Concerning Knowledge of the Heavens) and AlTuhfah al-Shahiya (The Royal Present), in which he presented his models for planetary motion, improving on Ptolemy's principles.
Ibn al- Shatir
A Damascene astronomer, mathematician, engineer, and inventor
Worked as the Muwaqqit of the Great Ummayad Mosque of Damascus.
Arab Muslim scholar
His most important work was Kitab nihayat al-sul fi tashih al-usul (The Final Quest Concerning the Rectification of Principles), where he used the progress made by Tusi and the Maragha school of Astronomy to drastically reform the Ptolemaic models of the Sun, Moon, and planets.
His criticism of Ptolemy’s model was empirical rather than the philosophical criticisms most other Muslim scientists had made
He is partly known for establishing astronomy on physical rather than philosophical bases, and partly for attempting to answer the question of Earth's rotation and to provide evidence for it. He that there is no scientific reason to reject the moving Earth theory
He wrote valuable works especially on astronomy and mathematics.
One of the most noteworthy and important scientists in the Islamic world.
A Muslim Turkic or Persian astronomer, mathematician, and physicist originally from Samarkand, who later went to Istanbul
He represents the culmination of the Maragha school of astronomy, continuing and better succeeding in the attempt to find more physically geocentric planetary models
He wrote on philosophy, religion, and astronomy, the latter including a commentary on al-Tusi and critiques of al-Shirazi.
Considered by Saliba to be “one of the most competent of all the mathematical astronomers and planetary theorists of medieval Islam”
Muslim Iranian theoretical astronomer and religious scholar
In his commentary on al-Tusi Khafri contributes some original solutions to the equant problem, three for Mercury and one for the Moon.