Mind Map Mesoamerica, -He was a Spanish Conquistador. -The planted…
Mind Map Mesoamerica
The Sweet History of Chocolate
Mesoamerica: Where Civilizations Flourished, and Crashed, Repeatedly
History of Mexico
-He was a Spanish Conquistador.
-The planted a cross with the Spanish flag on a beach in Mexico and named it Villa Rica the Vera Cruz.
-He came to the new world in search of gold.
-He was rude and a tyrant.
-He became a protege and secretary to the Cuban governor Diego Velázquez.
Hernan Cortez - Who was he? What was he like? What was his significance?
Traditional slash-and-burn agriculture techniques were used in Mesoamerica for it's simple, yet effective results.
Communities would participate in pottery, weaving, or basketry.
Larger communities were often divided into sociopolitical enclaves called barrios.
Anthropologists have found evidence that chocolate was produced by pre-Olmec cultures living in present-day Mexico as early as 1900 B.C.
Chocolate was seen as a delectable symbol of luxury, wealth and power. In the 1500s, Spanish conquistadors such as Hernán Cortés who sought gold and silver in Mexico returned instead with chocolate.
Chocolate was kept a secret until the daughter of Spanish King Philip III wed French King Louis XIII in 1615, she brought chocolate with her to France and it's popularity grew quickly and spread to other European courts
They had many different indigenous plants. Such as wild grains, goats, and sheep, people in the highlands of Mexico had corn (maize), beans, peppers, tomatoes, and squash as their staple foods.
The main goal was to capture their enemies and sacrifice them to the Mayan gods.
The Maya organized themselves into small city-states instead of one big empire. The largest was Tikal, which by 750 CE, had about 40,000 inhabitants. Tikal's residents had specialized occupations and were ruled by elites.
-They would perform bloodletting and piercing.
-They would sacrifice Mayan Rain Guards.
-They would toss victims in a deep well.
-They would burn people at the stake.
-They would eat organs
Mayan: Human Sacrifice
-They settled on an island in the midst of Lake Texcoco in the Central Valley.
-They were guided to the land by an ancient prophecy.
-Tenochitalian was the greatest city in the world in 1300 AD.
-They built islands called Chinampas.
-The Aztecs conquered most of central and southern Mexico.
Mexica: Aztecs as conquerors
-King Moctezuma was at the center of the Aztec World.
-He was revered like a God.
-He had 3000 servants and over 1000 wives.
-It was forbidden to look at him, touch him, or turn away from him. -He believed and feared the prophecy of the return of the white god Quetzalcoatl
Moctezuma- Who was he? What was his significance?