Appraisal - the process of assessing an employee's performance in…
Appraisal - the process of assessing an employee's performance in his/her job.
Reasons for Appraisal
Identify staff strengths and weakness. The employer may decide to reward employees who are performing well, or offer training to those who have done less well.
Identify most effective use of employees. Employers are always anxious to know how to use their employees effectively.
Identify staff promotion possibilities. Those done well can be promoted.
Identify training requirements for staff. Those done less well will require more training.
Identify appropriate level of pay. The employee's effectiveness is linked go his/her pay - a system known as "performance related pay", which isnnot appropriate for all types of work.
Advantages for Employees
Gives them opportunities for promotion and sets pay levels.
Make sure that they receive training if necessary.
Gives them opportunity to discuss problems.
Provides clear objective.
Advantages for Employers
Helps in the planning and development of the business's human resource provision.
Shows up staff strengths and allows the business to use the best employees efficiently.
Identifies staff weaknesses and helps the business to plan an effective training programme.
Improves the profitability of the business as a result.
Methods of Appraisal
Allows employees to be observed in their usual surroundings.
Gives a true picture of the employees' work.
Employees may find it off putting being observed.
The employee is watched doing his/her work, usually by the employee's immediate superior.
Gives both parties a private opportunity to discuss the employee's work and progress.
Allows the employee to put forward his/her own ideas.
Diagnoses problems in work and tries to find solutions.
Employee and employer needs to be well briefed and prepared for the appraisal.
Employees may nog be open and honest.
One to one discussion between employee (appraisee) and the supervisor or manager (appraised).
Encouraged to undertake self-evaluation which us simply looking critically at one's own work, and seeking ways to improve its quality or finding easier, more efficient ways of performing it.
Employee is given more responsibility which can be motivational.
Employee evaluates their perfoamce against a set of criteria.
Employee may not be the best person to assess their strengths and weaknesses.
If not prepared, then the appraisal may not be effective.