Indus valley Civilazation - Coggle Diagram
Indus valley Civilazation
Animal bones found in ruins are evidence that cattles and chickens were raised.
Goods from Mesopotamia and Indus has been found in both Mohenjo-Daro and harappa, therefore, trade was strong with the two civilisations.
Nobody has been able to translate their ancient language.
The Indus Valley River is over 3,000 Kilometers long
Indus Valley was one of the largest ancient civilisations
Cities in Indus Valley were oriented to catch the wind and provide natural air conditioning
Indus Traders traded a lot therefore they had seals used as identification markers on goods and clay tablets. The seals contain a writing that we still don't understand, it also contains designs featuring many animals and monsters.
One of the seals had a design of a man with water buffalo horns on his head, sitting cross legged between a tiger and a bull. It seemed like he was a powerful person because it seemed like he could control the tiger & the bull.
They were peaceful people.
Most Indus buildings were made from mud bricks. Over time, people built new houses on top of old ones. So, over hundreds of years, the cities grew higher and higher.
The Indus cities are noted for their urban planning, a technical and political process concerned with the use of land and design of the urban environment. They are also noted for their baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, and clusters of large, nonresidential buildings.
Indus people also had their own form of written language, weights, and measures. Sadly, most of their language has not been decrypted.
People who lived at the indus valley made weapons and tools out of copper and bronze
The two largest were Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. Each of these cities may have been home to 35,000 people, an impressive population for the time.
The Indus Valley was home to one of the world's first large civilisations. It began nearly 5,000 years ago in an area of modern-day Pakistan and Northern India.
The Indus people lived on the banks of the Indus river, the longest river in Pakistan.
Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa were dense, multi-story homes constructed out of even sized bricks along perpendicular streets, like a ancient chicago.
Most homes were connected to a centralised drainage system that used gravity to carry waste & water out of the city into big sewer ditches that ran under the main avenues.
The biggest building in Indus Valley was not a temple or a palace, it was a giant public bath, which historians call it the "Great Bath" Historians think that the bath has been like a giant baptismal pool.
The main streets were almost 10 metres wide - wide enough for two bullock carts or elephants to pass each other. Drains ran along the edge of the streets to carry rubbish away and wells were dug for clean water.
There were more than 1,400 towns and cities in the Indus Valley. The biggest were Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. Around 80,000 people lived in these cities.
Women of the Indus Valley enjoyed wearing necklaces, bangles, earrings, and more jewelry. Jewelry was made from shells, gold, silvers, stone such as carnelian, red-colored quartz.
The river was mainly used for basic transportation and water for people.
Wheat, Barely, rice were grown. Cotton for textiles.
Archaeologists have unearthed granaries, simple homes, baths, and even citadels (or forts) in the Indus communities.
Many buildings were made of brick, which was either sun-baked or fired in an oven to make it harder.