Tenses Review, Luis José Figueroa - Coggle Diagram
When do we use it?
when I want to tell a story.
To form the negative of a sentence in the Simple Past you need to use the past form of the auxiliary verb 'do' – that is 'did' + 'not' + the infinitive of the verb you want to use. For example – I did not play. We often contract did and not into one word – didn't – for example: I didn't play.
For the negative and interrogative simple past form of "to do" as an ordinary verb, use the auxiliary "did", e.g. We didn't do our homework last night. ... The interrogative form of "have" in the simple past normally uses the auxiliary "did".
Sujeto + verbo en pasado simple + complemento.
Sujeto + did not (didn't) + verbo principal en infinitivo + predicado.
Did + sujeto + verbo principal en infinitivo + complemento.
I saw a movie yesterday.
I didn't see a play yesterday.
Last year, I traveled to Japan.
Last year, I didn't travel to Korea.
Did you have dinner last night?
Yesterday; # years, weeks, months, days, hours ago; in (past year); last (month, week, year)
The past simple, also known as the simple past, is the tense used in the English language to narrate events that occurred at a specific time in the past.
The simple past tense, sometimes called the preterite, is used to talk about a completed action in a time before now. The simple past is the basic form of past tense in English. The time of the action can be in the recent past or the distant past and action duration is not important.
When do we use it?
it is used to talk about things that happen regularly.
Subject + Base Form(V1)+’s’ or ‘es’ + rest of the sentence
In interrogative sentence of Present Simple Tense, helping verb "Do" or "Does" is placed at the beginning of sentence. If the subject in a sentence is "he, she, it or singular proper noun" then "Does" is used. In case of "I, we, you, they or plural subjects" "Do" is used in place of "Does".
He goes to school every morning.
She understands English.
It mixes the sand and the water.
He tries very hard.
She enjoys playing the piano.
We use the present simple, in its negative form, to deny situations that regularly, repeatedly or always occur. When we use the present simple in its negative form, we start with the subject followed by do not and the verb in its base form. In the third person singular, we use does not.
Every day, month, week, year; always; sometimes; never; frequently
When we use the present simple in its affirmative form, we start with the subject followed by the base form of the verb. In the third person singular, we add an –s. For example: ... — “She works on important projects.” = The subject is she, so we add -s to the base form of the verb to work (works).
It is called "simple" because its basic form consists of a single word (like write or writes), in contrast with other present tense forms such as the present progressive (is writing) and present perfect (has written).
When do we use it?
Present progressive is used for events that are occurring at or around this particular moment in time.
I am writing articles on different topics.
He is reading various kinds of books.
They are playing football now.
She is drinking coffee.
(right) now, currently, at the moment, momentarily, these days, nowadays, at present/ at the present time/ presently, today, this (week, month, year)
The present continuous or present progressive is one of the present tenses used in English, the others are the present simple and present perfect. All of them can be used in both the indicative and the subjunctive mood.
Sujeto + to be + raíz + ing
Sujeto + to be + not + raíz + ing
She is not (isn't) talking
Grammar FocusAtención a la gramática. Negative Present Continuous. Remember that the present continuous is 'be' + main verb-ing. 'Be' is a 'helping verb' here, because it does not have any meaning in the sentence, but it 'helps' us form a grammatical structure.
Negative forms are used to talk about things that are NOT happening at the time of speaking. To create a negative statement with the present continuous, add "not" after the auxiliary "to be". The form is: Subject + Be + Not + Verb Gerund. He is not working very hard.
The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future.
Luis José Figueroa