REPORTED SPEECH AND REPORTING VERBS , She asked : "Do you speak…
REPORTED SPEECH AND REPORTING VERBS
Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past. And we use reported speech to say what someone said. Reporting verbs: tell, ask, say, and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. :warning:
direct speech -- reported speech
simple present -simple past
simple past - past perfect
Present continuous-Past continuous
Present perfect-Past perfect
can - could
the only ones that don't change are past perfect and would. :check:
A link for you watch a video about reported speech.
:check: : :
: we use differents structures with different reporting verbs.
2 - verb+ object+(not) to + verb
ask , tell, persuade , encourage , invite
"if u agree to work with us, you can give the best to your family soon :red_flag:"
"the man invited me to work with him, because it would be better for my family :black_flag:"
1- verb+ (not) to+ verb= agree, offer, refuse. :red_flag: ex: direct:" i'll go to the park with you, but only if you do your homework" mom said to me. :black_flag: indirect: mom agreed to go to the park with me if i do my homework
3- verb+ that + clause = say, claim, explain, complain. :warning: ex: direct: "we're going to introduce a new method to reduce the homework" the teacher said. :no_entry: indirect: the teacher claimed that she is creating a method to have less homework.
4- verb + gerund
apologize for , suggest
"we forgot to put your name on the list, we're really sorry. :red_flag:"
"they apologized for forgetting to put my name on the list :black_flag:"
She asked : "Do you speak english?"
She said: "Could you open the window, please?"
"Can I have an apple?", she asked.
She says, "please, don´t forget me"
The teacher said to him, “Do not waste your time”
He asked me if I spoke english.
She asked me to open the window.
She asked for an apple.
She told me not to forget her
She advised him to avoid unhealthy food