classification of living organisms - Coggle Diagram
classification of living organisms
The domain : is the broadest category in the classification used by most biologists.
Three domains: Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Six kingdoms: Bacteria, Archaea, Protists, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia
Are members of both Domain and Kingdom Bacteria
Prokaryotes(Don’t have a true nucleus).
Cell walls contain peptidoglycan
Most bacteria are heterotrophs , some are autotrophs.
Some Bacteria are aerobic organisms that needs oxygen to survive.
More ancient than bacteria and yet more closely related to our eukaryote ancestors.
Their cell walls do not contain peptidoglycan and they have some of the same proteins that eukaryotes do
Some are autotrophic but MOST are heterotrophic.
They are called extremophiles because they can live in extreme environments
They have a prokaryotic cell and are unicellular
Protists are eukaryotic organisms that can be unicellular, colonial, or multicellular.
Protists do not have organs and are classified into three different groups—plantlike, animal-like, and funguslike.
Plantlike are called algae, such as kelp, are autotrophs.
Protozoans( animal like), such as amoeba, are heterotrophs.
Funguslike are protists include slime molds and mildews .
Euglenoids are a type of protists that have both plantlike and animal-like characteristics, usually grouped with plantlike protists because they have chloroplasts and can perform photosynthesis
unicellular or multicellular
heterotrophic, lack motility, and have cell walls.
Their cell walls contain a substance called Chitin :(provides support).
A fungus consists of a mass of threadlike filaments called hyphae
some are parasites ( grow and feed on other organisms )
other are saprobes ( get their nourishments from dead or decaying organic matter )
Fungi that live in mutualistic relationship with algae are called Lichens
ALL animals are heterotrophic, multicellular eukaryotes.
Animals do not have cell walls. And their cells are organized into tissues, and most tissues are organized into organs
Animal organs often are organized into complex organ systems
They live in the water, on land, and in the air.
MOST adults are motile some lack motility such as coral