Migrants - Coggle Diagram
The 1951 Refugee Convention and Protocol
Rights and the obligations of refugees towards their host country.
The right not to be punished for illegal entry into the territory of a contracting State (Article 31);
The right to work, to housing, to education, to public relief and assistance, to freedom of religion, to access the courts, etc..
The right not to be expelled, except under certain, strictly defined conditions (Article 32);
Refugees acquire more rights if they stay longer in the country.
a refugee should not be returned to a country where he or she faces threats to his or her life, unless they threat the country's security.
The 1967 Protocol broadens the applicability of the 1951 Convention. The 1967 Protocol removes the geographical and time limits that were part of the 1951 Convention.
International migrants include refugees and economic migrants.
Economic migrants are seeking job opportunities
Some migrants go through a process to become legal
There are migrants unauthorized to work in the country they migrate
Refugees are defined as a person who is outside his/her country because of fear of being persecuted for any kind of reasons, or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or unwilling to return to it.
When migrants request that a host government recognize them as a refugee, they are called asylum seekers. They are referred to as asylees.
They receive the protection that comes with an official refugee status
It is a difficult process and may be different depending on the country
If the application is denied, refugees may remain in limbo, go back to their home countries, or head to a new country.
International migration report 2017
In 2016, the total number of refugees and asylum
seekers in the world was estimated at 25.9 million.
In 2017, of the 258 million international migrants
worldwide, 106 million were born in Asia.
Two thirds of international migrants were living in just twenty countries. 50 million resided in the United States of America.
In 2017, India was the largest country of origin of international migrants (17 million), followed by Mexico (13 million).
60 per cent of all international migrants live
in Asia (80 million) or Europe (78 million)
The share of female migrants fell from 49 per cent in 2000 to 48 per cent in 2017.
Migrants= 258 million in 2017, up from 220 million in
2010 and 173 million in 2000
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
includes several migration-related targets and calls for regular reviews of the progress toward their achievement.
The General Assembly adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants on September 19, 2016.