Cha.3 Federalism - Coggle Diagram
British: a unitary system
The Articles of Confederation: confederation
a. The Founders and Federalism
Reasons for federalist government
to use the states as "laboratories" for new ideas and programs.
to allow more participation in politics
to avoid tyranny
S＆N officials citizens↑
→1)catastrophe x 2)adopt and adjust
Three types of power to the national government
Implied powers: inffered from elastic (or "necessary and proper") clause
Inherent powers: most governments in general claim that right
Reserved powers:not delegated, not prohibited(10th amendment)
Powers of S and N overlap
Prohibited powers are denied either to N, S, or both.
S give "full faith and credit"
b. Tipping the Scales Toward National Power
What's civil liberty
"Proper" definition of federalism
Mid-19th C: Civil War
1930s through the 1970s: N↑ by presidents
Recent years: S↑
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
c. Federal-State Relations Today:
Back to States' Rights?
S↓ past twenty years
Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, leaders of Devoluiton Revolution
Before the Great Depression and New Deal:
separated clearly; dual federalism;The Supreme Court umpire
Reagan Administration:categorical grants into block grants
But:states often had to pay the tab for their new responsibilities
Proper balance between N and S