sociocultural factors in language learning - Coggle Diagram
sociocultural factors in language learning
language and culture
attitudes towards L2 culture
generalizations about a culture
feelings about L2 culture
the acculturation process
negative feelings, confusion
culture acquisition is a process knocn as acculturation
what is culture?
connecting culture and language
language illustrates cultural standards
language expresses cultural values
culture plays a role in what we say and think
language and culture shape eachother
is our customs, ideas, art, food, music, clothing
is they way we think about time, family, friendship, money, work and possessions
teachers can help acculturation by organizing cultural events
having food festivals
having a "craft day"
bringing music rom different cultures
bringing photos of home country customs and traditions
giving informal presentations about different cultures
writing essays about other countries' holidays
the ability to correctly use the grammar, syntax and vocabulary of a language
the ability to connect in a coherent way and to produce longer stretches of talk and writing
knowing how to avoid answering a difficult question
is the ability to use and respond to language appropiately given the situation, the topic and the people
In spoken discourse, we see longer stretches of talk, or conversation, between two or more people in specific cultures and contexts
is the study of spoken language that focuses on ways that people participate in conversation and how conversation works in different settings
conversation is both social and interactive, contains functions
holding the floor
leading the conversation and keeping it on topic
topic shift change
changing the current topic during conversation
understanding how to take a turn in conversation
finishing one topic and moving on to the next
starting a new topic
is the culturally-appropriate use of the social rules of language, such as being polite.
is the appropriate use of grammatical structures to respond to a speaker
is the study of language use, how meaning is expressed and understood in interactions.
teaching communicative competence
teaching conversation strategies
EL students need to build awareness of the sociocultural factors in conversation
topic nomination and change
They may also feel uncomfortable listening to a topic but not know how to change it. In fact, some topics may be taboo in their culture and learners may feel shy about them and still not know how to change topics in a polite way.
The level of politeness when disagreeing depends on the level of disagreement.
Sometimes it is better to soften a statement or opinion in order to lessen or mitigate its impact.
Another issue related to cultural norms in speech is politeness, particularly how to express disagreement
Social norms also influence how we ask for help or a favor without appearing rude.
how is communicagive competence taught?
learner centered activities
steps in teaching
assess students' needs
make materials student-specific
textboks with conversation pactice
sellect conversations suittable for your students
prepare dialog rich audio or video
create communicative activities
highlight conversation strategies
encourage pair work
model conversation dialogues
encourage individual practice
teaching classroom discourse
asking for clarification
asking for an explanation
pragmatics beyond classroom
These strategies help learners communicate their needs or correct a misunderstanding.
asking for repetition
cross cultural awareness
raising awareness about different sociocultural rules of conversation is critical.
Understanding non-verbal communication, such as eye contact, head-nodding