THE COGNITIVE APPROACH TO LANGUAGE - Coggle Diagram
THE COGNITIVE APPROACH TO LANGUAGE
the goal of cognitive linguistics
to explain how
the mind works
part of our overall cognitive
experience of our body and the world around us
a product of the human mind
a conceptual unit formed for things that are relevant, or matter, to the people of a community
In our early stages of concept formation we begin structuring our mental world.
The process of category formation is reinforced by having a label for a category.
In the classical view, categories are
discrete entities that are characterized by a set of necessary and sufficient conditions
can be defined by a set of
conditions but that such senses are typically restricted to a technical domain
categories are flexible enough to meet all
concepts in Cognitive Linguistics
Most categories are located in a hierarchical structure whose superordinate categories pass their defining features on to the categories at the level below them.
folk taxonomies attach different cognitive salience to the
In cognitive psychology, such salient subcategories have been described as prototypes.
Prototypes are those members of a category that are felt to be the best, i.e. the most central, salient ant typical subcategories or individuals of their category
George Lakoff (1987: 80-4) has demonstrated that subcategories are also used to comprehend the category as a whole.
cognitive properties of language
the meaning of a category, or a word, is not solely defined by lexical features but may also include social stereotypes.
since most categories have prototype structure, we may assume that categories in general are understood in terms of their prototypes
our understanding of categories is governed by metonymy.