Federalists and Anti - Federalists, Madison's ideal form of government…
Federalists and Anti - Federalists
Federalist No. 10
mischiefs of factions
Factions operate in their own interest and ignore the rights of other citizens
factions won't work bc
never going to have everybody think the same
today this isn't true bc
people can have better communication around so they can have the same interests around the country
FACTIONS:group of people with the same interest
this is dangerous bc
Madison believed that factions operate in their own interest and ignore the rights of other citizens and/or the interest of the community.
can't completely get rid of factions bc
you would have to destroy liberty and freedoms that allow them to exist. If you destroy liberty and freedom you destroy government.
It is not possible to make every person in society have the same opinions
Factions generally arise out of a concern for property, and it is one of the duties of government to protect property and to balance its regulation
It will not always be possible to have "enlightened" legislators who can rise above their own interests
causes of factions cannot be eliminated, so the only alternative is to
Control its effects (Control Factions)
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wants to create a
protects us from
controls factions by
making decisions for your country
laws and ideas go through a filter with a board of chosen representatives
having elected representatives is to refine and enlarge the public views by passing them through the medium of a chosen body of its wiser citizens. The public voice of the elected representatives may better reflect the public good than the direct pronouncements of the people.
the representatives may not be well acquainted with local circumstances and with the minority's interests
Large Republic prevents the republic from becoming a faction
large variety of interests so it's difficult to make a majority faction
the majority isn't always right
all power to the people to decide for everyone
each citizen represents himself or herself
considered ideal gov bc
best for each person to speak and vote for himself
can't deal justly with majority factions bc
There is nothing to control a majority interest; political equality does not translate into equality of possessions, opinions, and passions
To promote ratification of the Constitution
Brutus No. 1
that supports policies inrelation to
gives rights to the states
is an idea that is highly supported by
anti - federalists
did not support the
articles of confederation
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small central government
which starts with a
large central government
Federalists No. 51
to avoid potential tyranny of the government
checks and balances
no branch can dominate/hold too much power
"ambition must be made to counteract ambition"
executive branch has the power to veto, apply and enforce the law
-legislative (house) branch has the power to vote on articles of impeachment and confirm cabinet appointments
-legislative (senate) branch has the power to conduct impeachment trials
judicial branch has the power of "Judicial Review" and interpreting the law
gives power to
separation of powers
legislative, executive, judicial branch
Legislative branch is made up of the House and Senate, also known as Congressmakes all laws, declares war, regulates interstate and foreign commerce and controls taxing and spending policies
The executive branch consists of the president, vice president, the Cabinet
The judicial branch is the system of federal courts and judges that interprets laws made by the legislative branch and enforced by the executive branch. At the top of the judicial branch are the nine justices of the Supreme Court.
urged for the ratification of the constitution
Madison's ideal form of government calls for
an equal amount of distributed power
that was ideal in Brutus' terms was a small republic that put the people's interest first
thus the love of a small central government that gives powers equally to the states was heavily supported amongst the anto - federalist and Brutus.
putting this idea into play Brutus believed that states would be better at protecting individual rights.