colonization and settlement - Coggle Diagram
colonization and settlement
Influenced "rights for englishmen"
Later on provoked King James II to flee England.
English colonists brought these ideas to America in which self governing began to take form.
Towns in New England began to have meetings about local issues in which they solved themselves all of which led people in America to have a say in the government like voting (democracy).
Act of Religious Tolerance
Before, religious diversity was seen as a danger.
Religion persecution led to founding of Maryland as a haven for Catholics and Pennsylvania for Quakers.
Puritans (New England) wanted liberty for themselves but refused to grant it to other religions.
Roger Williams believed in Religious tolerance and freedom of religion greatly and would speak about it and he was even banished from MA for "dangerous opinions."
After Zenger was arrested , the trial took place in during a religious revival called "Great Awakening" in which began in the 1730s.
People started to see that the Bible contained all found truth of each person and not in man made laws.
The "Great Awakening" though it was mainly for spiritual purposes, made the impact on people that they should think for themselves which made colonists more comfortable thinking freely about religious matters which led to tolerance of different religions in America.
John Peter Zenger was arrested in 1734 for publishing "seditious libel" which were rebellious statements that were offensive about the governor of New York.
In the trial, Andrew Hamilton asked the jury to consider whether the remarks were true saying that free people should basically have freedom of speech on whether an official is taking abuse of his power
The jury found Zenger not guilty which promoted the idea of letting have the right/freedom of exposing the truth and that it should be protected right.
This influenced America because it encouraged freedom of speech.
This also connects to the Act of Religious Tolerance because it influenced people in being more comfortable with different religions and thinking for themselves.
English Bill of Rights
This was an act passed by parliament that ensured superiority of parliament over monarchy.
This restarted traditional rights of the citizens of England in trial by jury and cruelty, fines, and unjust punishment were abolished.
This started when King James 1 offended parliament by saying that the Catholic church was better than the protestant church.
The English Bill of Rights was passed in 1689 and it was basically a declaration of rights.
House of Burgesses
Established in 1619, by the Virginia Company and it was the first legislative assembly of elected representatives in North america.
It was created to encourage English settlement in North America and improve conditions in the colonies.
The Company of Virginia changed it's independent name to be Commonwealth of Virginia.
The charter by the Virginia Company explained how emigrants who would pay their own way alone to the colonies would get 50 acres of land.
Albany Plan of Union
This was a plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin 1754 to unite the 13 colonies for establishing a grand council, have representatives of all the colonies, and win the french and indian war.
Benjamin Franklin came up with a cartoon of "join or die" which meant that if the colonies weren't united they would die.
The colonies rejected because they didn't want to give up their independence.