Grammar - Coggle Diagram
Learning and teaching grammar
Learners need lots of exposure to grammar in use and opportunities to use it in communicative production.
Help older learners notice grammar for themselves
Don’t ‘protect’ learners from grammar; expose them to it
Work patiently and persistently at grammar
Head of each fluent user of a lenguage
In the discourse of a speech community
In grammar books
Ways of looking at grammar
in structure of sentences, including the words and phrases in them
in how forms/structures relate to notions like past-present-future
in terms of what we actually do with it in communication situations.
is seen on the terms of
Parts of speech
Parts of the sentence
Modern Linguistics was virtually founded by
in Switzerland towards the end of the 19th century.
Language was seen in terms of patterns the elements they are built of:
sounds are the building blocks of syllables of words, words of phrases, and phrases of sentences.
Units of grammar
Syntax and syntactic processes
the intuitive language rules or patterns in fluent users’ heads
Traditional grammar and its legacy
of Traditional Grammar are in Ancient Greek philosophy and classical European education.
began to develop a theory of grammar that would be able to generate all the possible correct sentences of a language
Traditional grammar saw
as a formal system with fixed relationships between language forms and meanings.
Some distinctive features of English grammar
Some very general and some very specific features.