TOPIC 6. EPISTEMOLOGY IN SOCIAL SCIENCES, KNOWLEDGE, subjetividad, soul -…
TOPIC 6. EPISTEMOLOGY IN SOCIAL SCIENCES
Attempts to determine the nature of human knowledge,
studies the methods to obtain knowledge
episteme that means knowledge
ogos that means study or theory
the theory of knowledge
how knowledge is created
Five main problems of research
(of being and their qualities)
Deals with the conception of nature of things and the possibility of knowing them.
The object of study
the individual or society as whole. The researcher must determine how to analyze an event from the individual or from its impact on society.
The nature of science knowledge. In other words, studying the subject in its entirety.
The relationship between the object under investigation and the values of the investigator
The final function must meet scientific research standards
these schools try to explain how the knowledge is aquired
The only reality that exists is material the reality.
Something exist independently of being thought
states that reality can be known without any prior experience
“I think therefore I am”
asserts that experience is necessary to know something
Locke, Hume, Mill
Ideas exist whether or not they are thought.
Assumes that objects cannot exist without a mind that is aware of them
Asserts that all knowledge must be based on sensory experience
Based on scientific method
based on logic to avoid ambiguity.
comes from empiricism
consciousness involves a relationship with the object and keeps the essence of the phenomenon
The most important function of language is to describe facts.
Object of investigation: historical perspective