Australian Land Rights Movement (Wave Hill Walk Off (The reason behind the…
Australian Land Rights Movement
Terra Nullius was a way of terminating and taking possession of the Indigenous people. It meant that if they lived in the no mans land, they would be owned by the white government.
It caused thousands of Aboriginals to die and it started the war between the blacks and whites.
Terra Nullius is an expression meaning 'no mans land'. It is usually used in the sense of when the the land is not owned.
Yirrkala Bark Petitions
Three people from the Yolngu clan that lived in the Yirrkala region of Australia were the people who first wrote these laws up and then sent them to the Australian Government.
The petition achieved justice and rights for the Aboriginal people. It helped them to be able to stand up and have a voice against the British people.
The Yirrkala Bark Petitions were made specifically for the land rights and laws for Aboriginal people. It helped them be able to own their own land freely.
The Petition was first used and become successful in August 1963.
Wave Hill Walk Off
The reason behind the Walk Off was the Indigenous people wanted to raise awareness for their bad working conditions and pay conditions.
Around 200 Aboriginal Stocks man, house servants and their families walked the protest.
The land that these people walked across was a British aristocrat called Lord Vestey.
The Wave Hill Walk Off was led by an Indigenous man called Vincent Lingiari.
The result of this walk, led the Australian commonwealth to take a lead in the situation and 10 years later make a huge difference in the land rights for Aboriginals.
The Mabo case took place in Queensland Originally, then the High Court of Australia.
The Mabo decision was a turning point for the recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' rights, because it acknowledged their unique connection with the land.
This opened the way for claims by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to their traditional rights to land and compensation. With Eddie as the first named plaintiff, the case became known as the 'Mabo Case'.
The Mabo Case let Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders to stand up for their rights. It also led to the Australian Parliament passing the Native Title Act in 1993.
The Wik Decision
The Wik people were against the Queensland people in the High Court of Australia.
The decision was about on whether statutory leases extinguish native title rights.
Wik is a national Native title from a tribe. The Wik were the first Aborigines with whom the Europeans made contact
The result of this decision was that the court decided to let the Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders to co exist next to each other. They were aloud their rights to have a lease for land.
Native Title Act 1993