Codes and Conventions of Music Videos (CAMERA SHOTS (CAMERA ANGLES (High…
Codes and Conventions of Music Videos
There are many types of editing used within a music video
Parallel editing- This is a technique where it alternates between two or more scenes that are happening at the same time but in different locations
Continuity editing- this is when it cuts that flow and takes us logically from one scene to another
Montage- This is when a series of short length shots that are edited into a sequence to reduce space, time and information. For example showing the both happy and sad times of a relationship
Jump cuts- This is when the shots are cut to be used faster in order to create a frantic action.
Editing is a very important part when creating music videos. The editing usually matches up with the beat of he music. Editing also allows you to add in special effects, it is also important because the editing makes the video look consistent in order for the video to look professional and entertaining for the audience.
What are codes and conventions?
Codes and conventions of music videos are the different types of techniques used to construct the meaning in them. These techniques can be divided into two types, Technical and Symbolic
General codes and convections
Camera angles/shots/movements/Sound/Lighting/Mise-en-scene (props, costume,makeup ect)/ Editing
High angle shot- This angle looks down on a person to show a sense of vulnerability on a character
Low angle- This angle looks up at a person to show a sense of authority
Eyeline- This angle shows the artists as we would expect to see the in real life
Pan- This is a horizontal movement of a camera in order to follow something significant
Tracking/Dolly- This movement is where the camera is placed on a track and is then pushed down the track to follow the person's actions
Close ups- this is a focus closely on the artists face
Extreme close up- This focuses even more closely on the artists face
Wide shot- This is used when you show a lot of people and also includes the artists
Long shot- This is used to show the whole body of an artists
Mid shot- This focuses on the artists from the waist upwards.
Over the shoulder head shot- This is used mostly during coversations/interviews between two people. It is mainly used in narrative based music videos
Sound is the vital part of music videos because this is the reason people listen to the music. The sound in music videos can be parallel meaning that the music matches the mood of the video and this also means lip syncing.
There are also two types of sound- Diegetic sound which is the most common to be used in music videos.
Diegetic- This is a sound that already exists in the music video
Non-diegetic- This sound is added during the editing stage of the video
This is the location/ setting of the music video. This allows the audience to have an understanding of the context of the music video and the story involved.It also allows them to recognise the genre.
Props and costume
Costumes allow us to identify what the music video is about and gives the artists their own character in the role they want to play
Props are used to help illustrate the narrative of a music video and helps the audience understand the message behind the lyrics. Props can also add to the entertainment and creative aspect of the video and they can be used as marketing techniques
Lighting is a key part of music videos. They create the mood and atmosphere as well as the thought and feelings of the artist. The audience are able to see what genre the music video is.
Mise-en-scene is a very important part of a music videos. It glues the whole thing together. It covers a range of aspects, these elements are used to convey a message or meaning of the video as well as representing the artists in a certain way.