Economic challenges in Rio (What is the crime problem in Rio? (Robbery and…
Economic challenges in Rio
Rio is Brazil's seond most important industrial centre after Sao Paulo.
Its large population, financle sector, port facilities and industrial areas have contributed to Rio's rapid economic development.
The city provides more than 6 percent of all employment in Brazil.
Rio has one of the highest incomes per head in the country, and the city's retail and comsumer sector is a major soucre of employment.
A growing number of jobs are provided by service industries, such as finance
Oil has been discovered just off the coast and this has encouraged the growth of oil-related industires.
Unemployment in Rio
Brazil's economy was hit by a deep recession in 2015.
This has increased unemployment.
People have protested about high taxes, pooreducation and inadequate health care.
Despite the growth of job opportunities in the city, unemployment is one reason why there are such wide contrastsin wealth in Rio
The richest 1 percent of the population earns 12 percent of the total income.
But the income of the poorest 50 percent is only 13 percent of the total.
What is being done about unemployment?
The local government is using education to try to reduce youth unemployment.
Th schools of tomorrow programme aims to improve education for young people in the poor and violent areas of the city.
There are also practical skills-based course.
Courses are available for adults who have temporarily left education but want to carry on their studies.
Free child care is provided for teenage parents to enable them to return to education.
What is the crime problem in Rio?
Robbery and violent crime present great challenges in Rio.
Murder, kidnapping, carjacking and armed assult occur regularly
Street crime is a problem, especially at night
Powerful gangs control drug trafficking in many of the favelas.
The police have taken steps to control crime.
Pacifying Police Unites were established to reclaim favelas from drug dealers
Police have taken control of crime-dominated COmplexo do Alemao and
There has been criticism that the police are targeting favelas near the olympics sites.
People living in these think this is an attack on their freedom.
But, the police argue that a lower crime rate, increased property values and growing tourism are positive results of their fight against crime in the favelas.