Nostalgia - Psychological literature (bolster social bonds/connectedness…
Nostalgia - Psychological literature
bolster social bonds/connectedness (Wildschut et al., 2006)
More attachment security
greater compassion (Mikulincer et al., 2001)
altruism (Mikulincer, Shaver, Gillath, & Nitzberg, 2005)
Less attachment anxiety, avoidance
Interpersonal relationships/interpersonal competence
Three dimensions: initiation, self-disclosure and emotion support
self-esteem, then leads to optimism (Cheung et al., 2013)
inclusion of the outgroup in the self (IOGS), outgroup trust (Turner et al., 2013)
prejudice-reduction, outgroup attitudes
alleviated feelings of loneliness (Wildschut et al., 2010; X. Zhou et al., 2008)
increase positive self-regard (Wildschut et al., 2006)
self-reported self-esteem (Baldwin & Landau, 2014; Cheung et al., 2013; Wild- schut et al., 2006; Wildschut, Sedikides, Routledge, Arndt, & Cordaro, 2010).
implicit self-esteem (Vess, Arndt, Routledge, Sedikides, & Wildschut, 2012).
growth-oriented outcomes: growth-oriented self-perceptions and behavioral intentions (Baldwin & Landau, 2014).
generate positive affect (Wildschut et al., 2006)
perceived social support (Zhou et al., 2008)
feeling more loved and protected
secure attachment styles
affirm valued aspects of the self
to buffer self-threat (Wildschut et al., 2010)
implicit self- positivity and responses to self-esteem threats (Vess, Arndt, Routledge, Sedikides, & Wildschut, 2012)
increased accessibility of positive self-attributes
Reduced self-serving attributions
perceived emotional support competence (Wildschut et al., 2010)
feeling that life is meaningful and worth living,fair, and ordered (Routledge, Arndt, Wild- schut, Sedikides, Hart, Juhl, et al., 2011; Routledge, Wildschut, Sedikides, Juhl, & Arndt, 2012).
a psychological buffer - protect from self-relevant threats (Baldwin et al., 2015)
against self-esteem threats (Vess et al.
against threats to meaning (Routledge, Arndt, Sedikides, & Wildschut, 2008)
to buffer against intrinsic self-threat
perceived intrinsic self-expression and subjective well-being
existential function: as a defense against the threat of death awareness Routledge, Arndt, Sedikides, and Wild- schut (2008) and Juhl, Routledge, Arndt, Sedikides, and Wildschut (2010)
do not map on to the concept of well being (Baldwin et al., 2015)
reduced prejudice (Turner, Wildschut, & Sedikides, 2012; Turner, Wildschut, Sedikides, & Gheorghiu, 2013).
increased altruism and empathy (X. Zhou, Wildschut, Sedikides, Shi, & Feng, 2012)
Intrinsic self-expression (conceptualized: increased authenticity, reduced concern with meeting external standards of self worth (Baldwin et al., 2015)
accessibility of the intrinsic self-concept (Baldwin et al., 2015)
Reduces Extrinsic Focus (Vess et al. 2012)
psychological security (Baldwin & Landau, 2014)
perceptions of identity continuity (Sedikides, Wildschut, Gaertner, Routledge, & Arndt, 2008).
nostalgia’s restorative capacity
offsets loneliness through perceptions of social support (Zhou et al., 2008)
thwarts boredom by replenishing lost meaning in life (Van Tilburg et al., 2013)
Approach motivation (Stephan et al., 2014): curiosity, exploration, inspiration, and creativity
decreases boredom (W. A. P. van Tilburg et al., 2013)
increases perceptions of continuity between one’s past and present (Sedikides et al., 2013)
maintains subjective thermoregulatory comfort (Zhou, Wild- schut, Sedikides, Chen, et al., 2012)
openness to experience
creativity (van Tilburg et al., 2015)
social connectedness (Stephan et al., 2015)
inspiration (general and specific inspiration)
optimism about the future (Cheung et al., 2013
interpersonal behaviors and intergroup
Stuck in the past, look into future