LIBERATION THEOLOGY & MARXISM (OSCAR ROMERO ('God is with me...I…
LIBERATION THEOLOGY & MARXISM
'PREFERENTIAL OPTION FOR THE POOR'.
cured by focusing too much on material. Pope Paul II ref drug addiction - indic broken social structure. Encourages CC to be a
'poor Church for the poor'.
JOHN PAULL II:
support of poor- opportunity for moral & cultural growth of humankind. Includes care for spiritual poverty- not just focus on material.
Church 'intends to struggle...for the defence and advancement...especially of the poor'. Allowing social divide isn't compatible w/ peace & justice shown in Bible. lib from sin should come b4 social lib. Even jesus taught 'poor you will always have you, but you will not always have me'. (Matthew 26:11).
e.g. set by Jesus 'whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you did for me'. (Matthew 25:40).
favours oppressed & outcasts, giving priority to poor & Gospel demands X's to give them this & act in solidarity.
CAPITALISM FAILS NEEDS OF POOR
: socialism might no be perfect but better than capitalism. Valley Fitzgerald: 'capitalism...incapable of satisfying basic needs in Latin America'. Socialism- economic inequality bad for society & government responsible.
: lib theo isn't Marxist BUT uses it to analyse society 'purely as an instrument'.- 2 Boff's.
injustices experienced by poor. Current system- 1 of structural inequality. Failing to address class struggle we come part of the system.
: warned against using Marxism except mentioned alienation & exploitation. Not getting involved in politics same as helping keep things- same. Being X necessitates being political.
Libby Ahluwalia & Robert Bowie:
'Education part of the machine of capitalism and pupils are the cogs in that machine'.
Class division produced when able to produce excess.
Technology - revolutionised the world & we have less control.
LIKE A FACTORY
Our happened @ cheap prices comes @ expense of other people's happiness.
were part of a supply chain, purchasing things not knowing who's involved- people alienated.
Work necessary to pay for survival.
Working in factory: humans dehumanised.
: occurs when humans treated as objects & used as means to an end.
: occurs when humans dehumanised & unable to live fulfilling lives.
RELATIONSHIP OF LIB THEO W/ MARX
MARX KEY IDEAS, PROBS W/ CAPITALISM
CAPITALISM BAD FOR CAPITALISTS
: Commodity Fetishism- capitalist systems made people no longer have deep, honest relationships as economic interests at heart of people's lives, e.g bourgeois marriage.
: crisis & idea we produce more than we need. Modern economy so productive theres less need to work or people in demand.
Works get paid little while capitalists get rich: primitive accumulation- poor wages low to get a large profit margin.
: makes humans insignificant, e.g, can be sacked as soon as coast rise- save. Technology- people aren't treated w/ dignity.
: feeling of disconnection @ work.
Do we need a radical revolution?
Ways in which structure of society can be seen as sinful.
'God is with me...I am ready for anything'.
Was shot defending poor.
Believed Church had duty to shine light on Gospel on every area of human activity.
1977: appointed Archbishop of San Salvador.
President told him to stay out of politics.
Declared violation was evil & wrong.
After friend murdered became a strong offender of oppressed,
Matthew 19:24 'easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than rich man to enter the Kingdom of God'.
Shows- shows sacrifice & hard work is needed in this life- KoG.
Exodus 9:1 'Lord said to Moses, 'Go to Pharaoh and say to him...'.
action before explanation
. God gives Moses direct instruction.
Liberation occurs 2 fold
ANALOGY OF UNIVERSITY LECTURE:
...need to re-arrange hall, reflecting idea- students deserve equal education. Need to change institutions that provide it.
Not tackling poverty- insult to God.
Poverty caused by societal structures, God loves everyone BUT societal structure doesn't give dignity to all.
Bible supports broad based structural change & catholics should encourage redistribute taxation & end to colonial exploitation.
Poverty NOT occasion for charity.
Must happen together.
: to be reconciled w/ God.
SOCIAL & ECONOMIC
: poverty & oppression- result of humans so they can resolve this.
Kingdom of God- something to work for in this life
(right practice) before
Lib theo: action before explanation, theology of action.
Trad theology- passing on info.
WHAT IS IT/INTRO
'conscientisation'- process when someone becomes aware of power structures in society. Education should teach people to read them & should transform society NOT just transmit info.
began as intellectual & pacifical among those who worked w/ poor.