Business Law Lecture 1: The Singapore Legal System (Classification of law,…
Business Law Lecture 1: The Singapore Legal System
What is law?
Law is a body or rules to be obeyed
Function of the courts: Provides a place for resolving disputes
Law is not the same as morality
Classification of law
Punishment of criminal
Court decides guilty/ not guilty
Court orders fine, imprisonment, canning or death
Defines right and duties of individuals and businesses.
for private wrong.
Court decides liable/ not liable
Court orders monetary compensation or specific performance
The injured party is known as the plaintiff
The wrongdoer is known as the defendant
Where?(Where does Singapore law come from)
The Constitution of Singapore
Legislation(statutes) enacted by Parliament
Sometimes referred to as "Acts"
Additional rules or regulation for specified purposes.
Based on the "Doctrine of Binding Judicial Precedent" 先列原则
When a judge is deciding a case that has already been previously decided by a judge in another case and the facts are similar, the judge should follow that earlier decision so that hi decision is
or in harmony with the earlier decision.
Ensures consistency, fairness and predictability
Singapore Court Structure
Court of Appeal
Cases that can only be heard by the HC:
Company winding-up proceedings 公司清盘, Bankruptcy proceedings and admiralty Matters
Small Claims Tribunal
Contracts for the sales of goods, provision of services
Claim not exceeding $10,000
Claim not exceeding $60,000
Claim not exceeding $250,000
Up to $500,000 for road traffic accident claims or claims for personal injuries arising out of industrial accidents
Court of first instance
Appellate Court 上诉