Training in listening comprehension, accurate pronunciation, recognition of speech symbols as graphic signs and ability to
Language as the native speaker.
Oral proficiency is equated with
Language is primarily speech in audiolingual theory.
Some learning principles:
Analogy provides better foundation than analysis.
The meaning of the word of a language can be
learned only in a linguistic and cultural context.
Language skill are learned better in spoken form.
Foreign language is a mechanical habit formation.
For behaviorist human is an organism
capable of wide repertory of behaviors.
three elements:stimulus, reinforce and reinforcemnt
Stimulus somethig that will be taught
reinforcement: as an approval
Reinforcement: increase the likelihood
that the behavior wlll occur.
Approach, theory of language.
Audiolingual method was derived by the
A reaction against traditional gramar was
positivism and empirism.
Methodology for collection and analysing date.
Involved transcription spoken utterances
a language phonetically, phonemic, morphological
and sintactic conformed the grammar of language.
Language consist in elements that encode meaning.
This methods started in the second world war.
The goal was to atain a conversational
proficency in a variety of languages.
Bloomfield developed a technique
The informant was a source of phrase
and vocabulary who provided sentences for imitation
Whit a native speaker and usually around 10 hours per day.
Syllabus: contain key items of phonology, morphology, and syntax of language.
Language skills are taught in order of listening,
speaking, reading and writing.
Listening is a training in aural discrimination
of basic sound patterns.
The language may be presented entirelly orally at first.
The ESL method became after in the
Carles fries director of university of Michigan
applied the principles of structural linguistics.
The structure, refered the basic
sentences patterns & grammatical.
Some universities applied oral approach and
aural-oral approach and structural approach.
Role of instructional material: Help and orient teachers with the use of textbooks.
Tape recorders and audiovisual
equipment have central role.
Audiolingualists demanded an reorientation
of the foreign language, cleaning of methods, materials, texts and tests.
This method uses drills: repetition, inflection, replacement, restatement, completion, transposition, expansion, contraction, transformation, integration, rejoinder and restoration.
Learners role: are organisms directed by skill training to produce correct responses, playing a reactive role by responding to stimuli.
Teachers role: is central and active, teacher-dominated method, modeling the target language and peace of learning, monitoring and correcting learners performance.´
Theory of learning