The Truman Doctrine = march 1947, uk gov told us that they could no longer support the greek gov against communism, us offered money and extended it to many other countries, it was announced in march and he offered to help any country that wouldve been threatened.
Why was it published? truman wanted to help the countries that suffered from war recover, marshall aid was announced at the same time, truman was trying to stop communism from spreading, truman wanted this policy to be one of 'containment' in which he realised communism grows where there's poverty.
Marshall Aid = intended to rebuild europe, intended to be for every country but only west ones accepted it, the ussr n other ee countries accepted at first but left after they realised they would have to join the organisation for european economic co-op, marshall plan would decide how the money would be spent, meaning usa could undermine communism, ussr forced other ee countries out like czecho and poland, britain got the most 2.6 billion, stalin called this dollar imperalism.
The Formation of Cominform and Comecon = Stalin set up the soviet version of marshall aid called comecon i 1949. by 1968, communist china, north korea and north vietnam joined, but it failed cause communists were poor, this led to NATO in 1949.
Berlin Crisis = june 1948, stalin blockaded west berlin, june 1948-may 1949, he closed road, canals and rail routes but the allies used air lifts, lasted 10 months and a plane landed in west berlin every 90 seconds.
Why did Stalin blockade Berlin? the allie sector made it very clear that they intended to rebuild their economies and call it 'Bizonia', he wanted germany weak, 48 - they said they would create a new currency, meant east and west would be separate economically, west berlin a tempation.
How did the allies react? 'if west berlin falls, germany is next', allies believed that if he let stalin win he would act like hitler, 320,000 flights altogether with 79 pilots dead.
What were the consequences of the berlin blockade?
many east germans tried to escape, NATO was set up in 49, federal republic of germany set up in 49.
What is NATO? relations so bad that they needed a military alliance, 13 countries, us troops in european countries to protect against at attack, if 1 was attacke they would all attack.
West Germany = federal republic of germany = west germany, it existed as a separate country from 49-90, ussr alarmed by powerful germany, within a week ussr made their own called the 'warsaw pact'