Quiet - the power of introverts in a world that can't stop talking…
Quiet - the power of introverts in a world that can't stop talking
Culture of Character
Ideal self: serious, disciplined and honourable
:male-farmer: Based on agricultural society
Culture of Personality
:cityscape: Evolved with industrialisation: agricultural society to urbanised society
"Having a good personality" became widespread in 20th century
Harvard (1940s) students should be "healthy extrovert kind", not "intellectually over-stimulated",
Yale (1950s) students should not be "highly specialised intellectual, but a well-rounded man"
:silhouettes: New Groupthink
Currently dominates schools, offices, businesses, internet (Wikipedia etc.), ...
Groupwork is better than individual work, based on extrovert ideal
Negative for introverts
:world_map: Extroverts more prevalent in Europe/America,
less in Asia/Africa
"Emigrants more extrovert - population of extrovert in Eu/Am"
Curriculum emphasises: listening, writing, reading, and memorizarion. Talking is not in focused (or discouraged)
More sought after playmates
Often considered for leadership roles
Prefer: Humble, altruistic, honest, hardworking
While in Canada: cheerful, enthustiastic, sociable
Talking is for communicating need-to-know information; quiet/introspection are signs of deep thought and higher truth
Be careful of cultural stereotyping!
High group performance if:
Introverts leads proactive employees
Extrovert leads passive employees
"Giant personalities don't transform companies. We need people who build not their own ego but the institution they run"
Listens > speaks
More likely to hear and implement ideas
Speaks > Listens
More likely to loose good ideas of employees
Extroverts get control of capital/institutions/power.
Introverts (cautious) are pushed aside
Longer processing --> more likely to learn from it
Good influence at work
Control over physical environment
Freedom from interruption
Increased group size
Evaluation apprehension (fear of looking stupid)
Social loafing (slackers)
Production blocking (only one can talk/produce at a time)
Introverts think more carefully
Extroverts trade accuracy for speed
Time or social pressure: extroverts do best
More active dopamine pathways.
Greater economic and political ambitions.
Less active dopamine pathway
Introverts often highly sensitive
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