1.2 Edm's machinations 1. (Edmund (however, also villainous qualities…
Edm's machinations 1.
natural control of fate
Gl believes in Fate.
Gl and (when pretending) Edm list the destructive and disorderly effects that the eclipses should have on the nation. They describe perfectly the plot of Lear. e.g.
unnaturalness between the child and parent
there are further examples of foreshadowing.
with a sigh like Tom o'Bedlam
Edgar's transformation into PT - Edg picks up on this consciously or is a coincidence arranged by S?
if it be nothing, I shall not need spectacles
. He shall not need to see if it is nothing. Motif of blindness/insighti nto the world
of course, S has arranged this on purpose. So the characters foreshadow events of the plot although Edm speaks against the power of fate.
wants to defy prejudice relating to his birth situation
his evil actions actually prove that
Edm largely denies that natural Fate can influence human actions
the excellent foppery of the world
Long list suggests a rapid pace.
brevity of his speeches show Edm's power
initially plays along with his brother's actions
too credulous? staged?
whose nature is so far from doing harms that he suspects none
is S merely using a plot as a vehicle for portraying most extreme responses? not credible plot?
parental love appears to be unreturned
To his father , that so tenderly and entirely loves him.
Edg suggests the letter may be a love test:
to feel my affection to your honour
all potentially similar to Lear plot
Edg and Gl could be considered to show similar behaviour – parental conditioning
tricked so easily... or is Edm a brilliant actor
= Lear plot
alt interp: the repetitions could be Gl gradually coming to terms w/ the devel. could be too credulous like Edg.
etc. with various derogatory adj wie
usw.. Violence in lang:
importunate: intrudes into Edm's private business; repetitions show his impatience (
Propp character type
) - pretends to be the hero (fighting Edg and protecting Gl); commits more evil; unmasked and defeated.
however aud aware of his evil from beginning; characters not (dram irony)
alt interp: manipulative?
evoke pity in aud.
bound to his status by his birth
I should have been that I am, had the maidenliest star in the firmament twinkled on my bastardizing
could add that his immorality is too? then assuming
rails against his status as an illegitimate
if not a victim, he has clear
for his crime – environmental conditioning
plosive lang > anger?
lots of rhetorical questions --> no answer
a cold, power-hungry villain. Manipulative.
metadrama: treats Edg's appearance as an opportunity for acting. Announces, then a pause as he assumes his role.
My cue is villainous melancholy, with a sigh like Tom o'Bedlam. --
Edm pretends to Edg he believes in the eclipses. Dramatic irony – his soliloquy immediately preceding shows he doesn't.
subtly leads characters on
visual cue: has the letter out then deliberately puts it away
to cause suspicion
alt interp – Gl rashly accepts the letter and Edm actually seems reticent.
overcomes Gl's incredulity with:
his heart in the contents
then introduces context -- Edg's supposed opinion that
the father should be as ward to the son
offers Edg his
and gives him the key to his house
interrupts Edgar's light-hearted talk about astronomy -- doesn't answer his bro's q but instead:
When saw you my father last?
A credulous father; and a brother noble... on whose foolish honesty my practices ride easy.
no sense of shame
affirms the prejudice of illegitimate children being base
sarcasm and irony
to deride social structures
Alt interp: makes him attractive to aud
/// or charming facade; psychopathic?
exaggeratedly pompous expressions for humour?
got to creating a whole tribe of fops
sarcastic term of endearment for Edg
fine word, legitimate
could be considered
showing off his evil plan
stage villain: communicates directly with audience
announces his plan to the audience in soliloquy
rhetorical questions, power of 3, and volley of plosive language:
why brand they us with base, with baseness, bastardy, base, base
pledges allegiance to "Nature", not social (
the plague of custom
alt interp: this is Edm's own tragic flaw
sick in fortune [is] often the surfeits of our own behaviour
– evil is down to individual actions, not divine orders. Explains Cordelia's death (which is at Edm's hands).
commands Gods to "stand up for bastards".
he is illegitimate, shunned by society (and religion too?)