Global crackdown on fake news raises censorship concerns (In the world,…
Global crackdown on fake news raises censorship concerns
Governments want to combat fake news
But generally, they are not illegal
Lawyers, technology experts, media representatives :
have expresses fear : measures are ineffective, counterproductive
Alberto Alemanno (a professor of EU law)
Legislation : "focuses on the trees, not the forest"
Politicians use fake news
Fact-checkers are too late (after publication)
Problem also comes from the social media platforms business model
"We should changing the environment
in which readers act, and empowering them"
certification systems, displaying related, ...
In the world, leaders are rushing to adopt
anti-fake news laws
France : legislation
Judges order the deletion of false online content in election periods.
introduce an online hate speech law
In 24 hours, they should remove
illegal content : racist material, fake news, ....
Sweden, Ireland and the Czech republic
laws could curb free speech
or lead to inadvertent censorship
Censorship is used to prevent political
opposition to express their opinion : no free speech
India withdrew because they attack journalism
Journalists can have a suspension for what they said
Using fake news in Malaysia
Means fines of up to £88,000 and jail terms of up to six years
Opponents have said the law gets closer to a dictatorship.
Using fake news in Thaïland and in Philippines
Jail term up to 7 years (Th) and up to 20 years (Ph)
Lisa-Maria Neudert of the Oxford Internet Institute
It doesn't necessarily increase the visibility
Problem of credibility
Authoritarian regimes can point to democracies taking these steps
Difficult to see how fake news works and how to extend existing laws about fake news
Solution : more transparancy
Reporters Sans Frontières has launched the Journalism Trust Initiative
a future certification system that would promote rigorous and reliable journalism
RSF's director, Christophe Deloire
'bad’ news circulates faster than ‘good’