3. Helping a blind person across the street: Experimenters, dressed in dark glasses and carrying white canes, acted the role of a blind person needing help getting across the street. Experimenters attempted to locate downtown corners with crosswalks, traffic signals and moderate, steady pedestrian flow. They stepped up to the corner just before the light turned green, held out their cane, and waited until someone offered help. A trial was terminated after 60 seconds or when the light turned red, whichever occurred first, after which the experimenter walked away from the corner. A total of 281 trials were conducted. Helping was scored if participants, at a minimum, informed the experimenter that the light was green.