Lesson 06: Ecology of Non-parental Child Care (The NAEYC accreditation…
Lesson 06: Ecology of Non-parental Child Care
Non-parental child care, or day care
is the care given to children by persons other than parents during the parts of the day that parents are absent.
Extended day care
is the care provided for children before or after school hours of during vacations.
In 2011 49% of children ages 0-4 with employed mothers were cared for by a relative. 24% spent most of their time in a center-based arrangement (day care/head start). 13% were primarily cared for by a non-relative in a home-based environment. School-age children may spend their weekday, non-school time in child-care arrangements and engage in activities such as sports.
The NAEYC accreditation system for daycare's has 10 standards:
Promote positive relationships for all children and adults
Implement a curriculum that fosters all areas of child development - cognitive, emotional, language, physical, and social.
Use developmentally, culturally, and linguistically appropriate and effective teaching approaches.
Provide ongoing assessments of child progress.
Promote the nutrition and health of children and staff
Employ and support qualified teaching staff.
Establish and maintain collaborative relationships with families.
Establish and maintain relationships and use resources of the community.
Provide a safe and healthy physical environment.
Implement strong program management policies that result in high-quality service.
Studies examining effects of non-parental care on mother-child relationships.
: He compared the development of infants raised by carefivers in a home for abandoned babies to that of intants raised by their mothers in a prison. "he infants raised in the foundling home had poor ap- petites and lacked interest in their surroundings; they exhibited severe depression, accord- ing to Spitz. As a result, they were delayed in their growth and mental development. he infants raised by their mothers in prison, on the other hand, developed normally."