Child Development for Educators A2
Child Development for Educators A2
CS2 - Second Language
1- Identify some of the problems - linguistic, academic and cultural - that students face when they move to a new country and are enrolled in a new school system with unfamiliar language and culture.
Academic and Language Problems
Socio-cultural and Personal Problems
UNCOVERING PROBLEMS AND IDENTIFYING COPING STRATEGIES OF MIDDLE EASTERN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Alazzi, Khaled; Chiodo, John J. International Education; Knoxville Vol. 35, Iss. 2, (Spring 2006): 65-81,105. Retrieved from
4- What else might Morteza's teacher do to assist him?
Environmental support – instruction – helps children learn the meaning of words;
Environmental support helps children learn how to engage in the social aspects of speech;
Formal instruction also helps children develop reading and writing skills, which need the coordination of language, visual understanding and fine motor production.
Understand the 5 stages of second language acquisition
pre-production (nods yes and no, "silent period", draws and points, minimal comprehension)
Early production (limited comprehension, one or two word responses, key word use and familiar phrases
Speech emergence (good comprehension, production of simple sentences, commits grammar and punctuation errors)
Intermediate fluency (uses complex sentences, demonstrates excellent comprehension, commits few punctuation and grammar errors, dramatically increased to over 6,000 words in vocab)
Advanced fluency (near native-speaker use of the language)
3- Are the strategies used by Morteza's teacher appropriate?
How do verbal short-term memory and working memory relate to the acquisition of vocabulary and grammar? A comparison between first and second language learners Verhagen, Josje ; Leseman, Paul Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, January 2016, Vol.141, pp.65-8 retrieved from
Yes the strategies are appropriate because according to journals the use of Verbal language helps. So her sitting him with the other students was a great strategy.
5- How can teachers support students like Morteza most effectively?
Get to know the family, understand something about their culture, what is important to their family.
Ask what languages are spoken in the home.
Language and learning is culture based, seek to understand your students language and behaviour in the context of their culture.
Communicate the goals, activities and culture of the classroom to the students’ family.
Provide home activities to be shared with family members.
Involve families in decisions about curriculum;
2- Would students born in this country, but from home backgrounds where English was not spoken, experience the same problems as Morteza?
CS3 Concrete Materials
1- How did concrete materials help the students to solve this problem?
2- What role did the teacher play?
3- Identify and describe elements of Vygotsky's and Piaget's theories in the children's thinking.
O'Donnell Pg 101
The benefits of using concrete materials
A Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy of Teaching Mathematics With Concrete Manipulatives Journal of Educational Psychology Issue: Volume 105(2), May 2013, p 380–400 Copyright: © 2013 by the American Psychological Association retrieved from
CS6 Working with children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder
1- evaluate the statement with reference to the use of person-first language
3- Non-categorical view of disability
Identify 3 strategies for effective
inclusion in the classroom for ASD
O'Donnell Pg 214 Taking it to the classroom
Would the same strategies work with all students with ASD? Why or why not?
Innovations in Behavioral Intervention Preparation for Paraprofessionals Working with Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Richard W. Serna, Harold E. Lobo, Cindy K. Fleming Richard K. Fleming, Carol Curtin, Michelle M. Foran, Charles D. Hamad First Published March 1, 2015 retrieved from
Set text - O’Donnell, A., Dobozy, E., Bartlett, B., Nagel, M., Spooner-Lane, R., & Youssef-Shalala, A., ... Smith, J.K. (2016). Educational Psychology (2nd ed.). Brisbane, QLD: John Wiley & Sons Australia.