GUILDS AND CITIES IN THE MIDDLE AGES (CITIES (ORGANISATION: (-They are…
GUILDS AND CITIES IN THE MIDDLE AGES
Due to the abuses of the government of the Lords, the bourgeoisie reveals itself and asks for a jurisdiction to govern the cities themselves. The citizens elect the rulers.
-They are organized in Communes or Councils.
-Its functions are to collect taxes, provide services to citizens, defend the city, etc.
-The mayor was in charge of the council and the building where they were was the town hall.
-The tasks of government were exercised by the wealthiest families in the cities. An example has been "the Medici family" in Italy.
Master craftsman: person with great experience who is allowed to open his own workshop
Journeyman: adult person who already performs several tasks but still works for the Master craftsman. He receive a salary.
Apprentice. Young person who enters the guild to learn. He has no salary but he gets a house and food.
There are three categories within the guild.
The Guild decides:
-Who can be part of the guild etc.
-The material to use.
-The working hours.
-The quantity produced.
The guilds are groups of artisans who develop the same trade or activity.
The drawback of this organizational system is the lack of competence and freedom at work.