Rome Ch: 33-34 by Emily Lopez Per:1 (Rome becomes an Empire (Octavian aka…
Rome Ch: 33-34 by Emily Lopez Per:1
All 4 periods of expansion #3-6 in chapter
145 to 44 B.C.E., Rome ruled the entire Mediterranean world.
Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt
now called the Mediterranean “our sea.”
general Julius Caesar conquered much of Gaul
Caesar himself ruled as a dictator for life
he was assassinated in 44 B.C.E.
Civil wars divided the city.
several more years of civil war followed
Octavian, seized total power
start of the empire.
first emperor, Augustus
lasted until 14 C.E
Roman Empire, from Britain to the Black Sea.
cost and sacrifice
threatened another great power
264 to 146 B.C.E three major wars were fought
Rome gained control of North Africa
much of Spain
and the island of Sicily
conquered Macedonia and Greece.
protect their borders
gain more land
Romans fought one enemy after another
series of wars
defeated their old rulers
conquered Latin neighbors
defeated their old rulers
Romans eventually made allies
controlled Italian peninsula.
patricians held all the power.
didnt want to share power
only they become senators, consuls
Plebeian obey decisions.
plebeians fight for what they wanted
demand political rights
Conflict of the Orders
conflict, two social classes.
heated during times of war.
fought wars against neighboring tribes
fight in the army
laws not written down
patricians often changed laws
small group of families held all power
Plebeians resented this
The new republic after the plebians got political equality
Tribunes of the Plebs
Veto, overrule and take actions
plebeians had won their fight for equality.
major change in Roman government
Plebeians governed with patricians
laws were on tablets
assemblies of all citizens could pass laws
plebeian assemblies nominated consuls
members of the Senate
basic laws, or a constitution
The republic created by patricians
Senate was 300 patricians
Senate was law
advise the consuls
Lucius Junius Brutus
Led the patricians
drove out last Etruscan king
Rome under Etruscan rule
Led by Julius Brutus
Created the Republic
Senate Has More Power
616 and 509 B.C.E
Defeats the Etruscan Monarchy
616 and 509 B.C.E., the Etruscans ruled Rome
Plebeians were about 95 percent of Rome’s population
Had little power
Rome becomes an Empire
Befriended Former Enemies
Octavian aka Caesar Augustus
supreme ruler of Mediterranean region.
Rome’s first emperor.
encouraged education, art, and literature
gave Rome first police force,firefighters,and library
great deal of new territory
stretched from Britain to the present-day Middle East.
Octavian had to defeat jealous rivals
empire lasted until 14 C.E.
Romans improved trade
Goods flowed across the empire
single power ruled over the greatest empire