Realism & Reaction (19th) (Carl Sandburg (“Chicago” (became a famous…
Realism & Reaction (19th)
pessimist & naturalist
He was concerned with society’s effect on person.
Being a member of lower social class, he treated social forces as root causes of social illnesses such as murder, prostitute, & ghetto life.
He treated human scientifically rather than individually.
arwinism, his writing exemplifies social evolution.
Always serious in tone, his chars appear as everyday persons who both suffer from & also contribute to social illnesses
Sister Carry, a prostitute- Unlike Crane’s Maggie, she drives heroine prospers.
She advances carrier & appears as a woman in charge.
became a famous poet with his short powerful & organic form of writing.
"I am the People , the Mob"
"Excerpt from the People Yes"
free verse tradition
the sufferer will triumph one day
In his poems, bitterness, humor & pathos formed a social protest.
o He was called a member of the Harlem Renaissance which grew out of A Am who formed a group to exchange ideas, encourage one another & inspire artistically.
black poet & novelist
F. Scott Fitzgerald
He was interested in the world of youth along with the parties & love affairs of the rich & the would be rich.
He sensed the romantic yearnings of the time – the
& put them into his fiction.
The Great Gatsby
the novel made the reader feel the Jazz Age with its superficiality, sweetness, charm & emptiness. (Cess)
He was an expert lived for several years in Paris where he became a part of group of Am who considered themselves a
. - WWI destruction
Stylistically, his writing is unique.
His sentences are short, words are simple but often filled with emotion.
A close reading will show us that even when his chars remain silent, actions are full of meaning.
He is being attacked to being a misogynist.
*The Sun Also Rises
,* his subjects were war & its effects on ppl.
In a symbolic manner, hunting & bull fighting lowed the pages of the novel
**The Nick Adams Stories
he travels in a river & tells about life.
“The Snows of Kilimanjaro”
(a short story) , a guy proves his manhood to the reader. Women are domestic & happy with their lives.
A Farewell to Arms-
moving story of the love affair of the Am lieutenant & Eng. nurse. A portrait of WWI- the couple lives in Italy & Switzerland in a heavenly place. The woman dies with her baby & the Am is left desolate.
For Whom the Bell Tolls,
he gives us a glimpse at the Spanish Civil War. Although it is a love story, it gives the readers the message that the good must work collectively to bring happiness to society.
Faulkner wrote about the conflict within Am society, generation, economy, good vs evil even within chars.
He as a Southerner gives us a lot of sight about the lives of blacks.
Although blacks are anonymous, they are sympathetically described.
In his writing, he is perfectly aware that blacks are humans who suffer because of the whites.
It is sensed that he believed that brotherhood & sisterhood would win in long-reaching.
The Sound and the Fury
is original in which a mentally disturbed char tells the story from his pov. in one of the chapters.
The ordinary men & biological scientist all of whom suffered from the tragedy of 30s.
He was the man of the Great Depression & the mass poverty.
By learning from the poor in particular the migrant farm workers (Am& Mexican), he used their pov to show how the poor could endure by helping one another & can expect no help from anyone else
The Grapes of Wrath
, he puts his anger & passion for justice in form of thesis novel which shows them such novels can transcends propaganda.
showed the reader that Am families had to stick together to survive.
Oklahoma farmers suffer mistreatment & exploitation.
Of Mice and Men
, the tale of two migrants with their mutual dependence & shared dreams is taught.
William Carlos Williams
He was an
whose poetry centered around everyday events.
Ordinary things in the simplest form of language show the reader that beneath this simplicity, a detailed observation & analysis is hidden.
"The Red Wheelbarrow"
is the story of a black who is invisible to the whites.
In this novel, the protagonist moves from a negro collage to the streets of Harem as he is expulsed from school through no-fault of his own
The black novelist wrote not only about blacks but also the whites.
His first novel
Go Tell It on the Mountain
is about a Harlem section of NY occupied by A. Am
The novel is about the Harlem, the church & through flashbacks char’s ancestors.
In his second novel
, homosexuality appeared in a way to make readers puzzled.