Solving problem in groups and teams (Overcoming Dangers in Group…
Solving problem in groups and teams
Setting the stage for problem solving
Maintain positive Relatoinships
Emphasize members' interdependence.
Minimize perceived threats between members.
Establish shared norms and values.
2.Recognize progress toward goals.
Focus on shared or Compatible goals.
Recognize threats from outside the group.
develop mutual liking and friendship.
8.Share group experiences.
Recognize stages of Team Development
: When group members openly defend their positions and question those of others.
: When a group moves from conflict toward a single solution.
: When group members become familiar with one another's positions and tentatively volunteer their own.
: When group members endorse the decision they have made.
Approaches and Strategies in Problem Solving
A structured Problem-Solving Approach
Follow up on the solution.
Implement the plan.
Evaluate the solutions by asking the question.
3.Develop Creative solutions.
Use the Nominal Group Technique
Analyze the problems.
Gather Relevant Information
Identify supporting and restraining Forces.
Identify Criteria for success.
Word the problem as a Broad, Open question.
Identify the problem
Problem Solving in Groups: When and Why
Advantages of Group Problem Solving
Participate decision making
: A process in which people contribute to the decisions that will affect them.
When to use Groups for Problem solving
Are individuals' tasks interdependent?
A group is more than a collection of individuals working side by side.
Is there more than one decision or solution?
Groups are best suited to tackling problems that have no single, straightforward answer.
Is the job beyond the Capacity of One Person?
For the large project, it is unrealistic and unfair to expect one or two people to do all this work.
Is there potential for disagreement?
Tackling a problem as a group is essential if you need the support if everyone involved.
Overcoming Dangers in Group Discussion
Pressure to conform
Information Underload and overload
: The decline in efficiency that occurs when the rate or complexity of material is too great to manage.
:The decline in efficiency that occurs when there is a shortage of the information necessary to operate effectively.
Group problem-solving Strategies in problem solving
Group Discussion Formats
: Problem-sovling meetings can follow a variety of formats. A session that uses parliamentary procedure observes specific rules about how topics may be discussed and decisions made.
: Another common problem-solving formats is the panel discussion, in which the participants discuss the topic informally much as they would in an ordinary conversation.
: Sponsoring organizations often use focus groups to learn how potential users or the public at large regards a new product or idea.
: In a symposium the participants divide the topic in a manner that allows each member to deliver in-depth information without interruption.
: When some members are more vocal than others, problem cnesus can help equalize participation. Members use a separate card to list each of their ideas.
:A forum allows nonmembers to add their opinions to the group's deliberations before the group makes a decision.
:When the number members is too large for effective discussion, breakout groups can be used to maximize effective participation.
: Sometimes that best way to tackle a problem is stop trying to find a solution and listen. A process in which people let go of the notion that their ideas are more correct or superior to others' and instead seek to understand an issue from many different perspectives.
Solving problems in Virtual Groups
One advantage of virtual teamwork is autonomy. The lack of meetings doesn't mean communication is limited. Where problem solving is concerned, virtual interaction presents some unique challenges as well as benefits.
What bother me is that What if when an individual's work efficiency is greater than the team's?
I want to figure out that Teamwork is always greater than an individual.
What make me surprised is that the way to solve problems as a team.