James I Favourites +Scandals (Duke of Buckingham (Noted for his appearance…
James I Favourites +Scandals
Cockayne Project 1614
James allowed Sir William Cockayne to launch a project designed to boost the earnings of those involved in the manufacture of undyed cloth setting up a dyeing industry to do the job at home. The government was promised £40,000 p.a. from increased customs through the importing of dyestuffs. James gave control to Cockayne and the new company was given permission to export in 1615. It was clear by 1616 that Cockayne had not the resources to buy the cloth from the clothing districts and hold it until it could be marketed.
Experiment did not cause the economic slump in 1620 it probably contributed to the general resentment of merchants and clothiers at Government interference.
When the Dutch eventually banned the import of cloth many went bankrupt, weavers rioted, cloth exports slumped.
Francis Howard was married, but she wanted to gain power at Court and loved the Robert Carr.
The case showed the public how corrupt the Court was, it also showed the regular citizens were so distant from Court.
They murdered her husband but got found out, they should have got the death penalty, but didn’t, were put under house arrest in a country estate, where they were not allowed to leave.
Overbury was a Courtier who knew of the affair, James offered him a foreign post. When he refused, was arrested
Duke of Buckingham
Noted for his appearance and charm, George Villiers
became close to the King. He was supported by those who wanted to reduce the influence of Robert Carr and the Howard faction
1615 he was a knight of the bedchamber
1623 he had acquired so many titles he was the highest ranking subject outside the royal family
He acquired large amounts of property in England and Ireland
Buckingham used his influence in Parliament to impeach the Lord Treasurer Cranfield who was about to reform property ownership in Ireland – and was opposed to the idea of War with Spain
Buckingham has a lot of influence over foreign policy and control over patronage
In 1623 Charles and Buckingham went on a secret visit to Spain to try and secure a marriage to the Princess Infanta Isabella. Their secret departure and unannounced arrival in Spain wrecked James' plans of leaving the running of government to Charles. The visit ended in complete humiliation, the Spanish stalled and then cancelled the marriage plans.
By 1624 they had returned to England, determined on getting revenge.
Charles pressured James to summon parliament and ask for money to finance a war with Spain. In order to secure their war, Charles and Buckingham agreed to the naval strategy but went behind James' back and paid an army to serve in the Palatinate.
Charles' deception and the disastrous failure of the expedition angered Parliament when it reassembled in 1625 and led to them refusing to vote the new King Tunnage and Poundage for more than one year. This was a massive insult and also an inconvenience as it took away a considerable part of Charles' income.