Catholic Church and the counter reformation (Jesuits and Ignatius Loyola…
Catholic Church and the counter reformation
Lectures and Objectives
The Catholic Church responded to the Protestant movement with the Counter Reformation.
The Council of Trent (1545-1563) examined how the Catholic Church would reform for the better. It played a vital role in revitalizing the Roman Catholic Church in many parts of Europe.
The Catholic Church formed a new order called the Jesuits led by Ignatius Loyola and emphasized education.
The baroque art, music, and architecture style was adopted by the Catholic Church to bring out the strong emotions of the Christian faith.
Baroque and the Counter Reformation
Catholics believe that when you walk into a church you should see things that make it look like a church.
The later Baroque style was termed Rococo , a style characterized by increasingly decorative and elaborate works.
The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture , painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music.
Jesuits and Ignatius Loyola
St. Ignatius Loyola was born in 1491, one of 13 children of a family of minor nobility in northern Spain
As a young man Ignatius Loyola was inflamed by the ideals of courtly love and knighthood and dreamed of doing great deeds.
Council of Trent
For 18 years the pope bishops and multiple kinds of priests had a meeting
Affirmation of catholic doctrine. Anathema is when someone doesn't like someone else. The bible says that you can not work you way to heaven and it has to be through gods grace.
Reformation of church practice. Quality of priests which means priests have to be able to read the Latin mass and they cant be drunk when leaving a church and the priests level must increase.
The Council of Trent was called by Paul Ill who was pope from 1534 to 1549 and it first sat in December 1545
700 bishops could have attended the Council but to start with only 31 turned up along with 50 theologians