Catholic Church and the Counter Reformation (Objectives ( The Catholic…
Catholic Church and the Counter Reformation
The Catholic Church responded to the Protestant movement with the Counter Reformation.
The Council of Trent (1545-1563) examined how the Catholic Church would reform for the better. It played a vital role in revitalizing the Roman Catholic Church in many parts of Europe.
The Catholic Church formed a new order called the Jesuits led by Ignatius Loyola and emphasized education.
The baroque art, music, and architecture style was adopted by the Catholic Church to bring out the strong emotions of the Christian faith.
Council of Trent
reformed church practices
They increased quality of priests
Seminaries are made to train priests
They studied their own personal daily beliefs.
They observed their authority system/sources of authority
Tradition (Respect for Precedent)
Magisterium (Popes and Bishops)
Scripture (What is in the bible)
Lasted from 1545-1563 (18 years)
Jesuits and Ignatius Loyola
Jesuits = Society of Jesus
Converted as a young knight
Became a priest later on
Believes heavily in spiritual warfare
Believed knowledge and understanding were highly valuable
(Many Jesuit schools around to this day)
Believed in being an excercised christian
"Perception is reality"
Baroque and Counter Reformation
The Society of Jesus
The Revival of Spirtuality
Baroque is considered the opposite of protestant (and it is done with purpose by the Catholic Church)
Back to simple roots of Catholic faith