C: Innate and psychological, as well as due to the devil.
T: Confinement, mental asylums, purging, bloodletting, hot/cold water submersion, physical restraints, drugs, gyrating chair.
R: Asylums, less burder on family. However, they were run by untrained staff and abuse occurred often.
-Middle class people could pay money to watch them as entertainment.
-1774 Lunacy Act - needed 2 separate doctors to sign