Civil Rights Movement Coggle (Plessy V. Ferguson, May 18, 1896. A landmark…
Civil Rights Movement Coggle
Plessy V. Ferguson, May 18, 1896. A landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court issued in 1896. It upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal".
Executive Order 9981 July 26, 1948. An executive order issued by President Harry S. Truman. It abolished racial discrimination in the United States Armed Forces and eventually led to the end of segregation in the services.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark 1954 Supreme Court case in which the justices ruled unanimously that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional. Brown v. Board of Education was one of the cornerstones of the civil rights movement, and helped establish the precedent that “separate-but-equal” education and other services were not, in fact, equal at all.
Montgomery Bus Boycott December 5, 1955. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. A seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement.
Desegregation in Buses November 13, 1956. Segregation on buses in Alabama officially ended on November 13th, 1956. In 1955 the rule on the buses in the city of Montgomery, Alabama, was that 'coloored' passengers must sit at the back and leave the front seats to white passengers.
Southern Christian Leadership conference January 10, 1957. An African-American civil rights organization. SCLC, which is closely associated with its first president, Martin Luther King Jr., had a large role in the American civil rights movement.
Sit-in February 1, 1960. The Greensboro sit-in was a civil rights protest that started in 1960, when young African-American students staged a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, and refused to leave after being denied service. The sit-in movement soon spread to college towns throughout the South. Though many of the protesters were arrested for trespassing, disorderly conduct or disturbing the peace, their actions made an immediate and lasting impact, forcing Woolworth’s and other establishments to change their segregationist policies.
The Freedom Riders May 4, 1961. A group of northern idealists active in the civil rights movement. The Freedom Riders, who included both blacks and whites, rode buses into the South in the early 1960's in order to challenge racial segregation.
Letter from Birmingham Jail April 16, 1963. also known as the Letter from Birmingham City Jail and The Negro Is Your Brother, is an open letter written on April 16, 1963, by Martin Luther King Jr. The letter defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism.
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How did African Americans fight for their rights in 1955-1965?
African Americans usually fought for their rights peacefully, without being aggressive to get the point across. African Americans fought for their rights by Boycotts, creating civil rights organizations, sit-ins, creating parties and lots of marches. Violence would only show that they should be kept segregated.
Describe the successes of the Civil Rights Movement.
Successes of the Civil Rights Movement were many and were a huge success in the fight for Civil Rights. Executive Order 9981, it abolished racial discrimination and eventually led it to the end of segregation in the services. Brown v. Board of Education showed that segregated schools were inherently unequal. The Montgomery Bus Boycott eventually led to desegregation on buses and blacks didn't have to give up their seats to whites. There were many more successes in during the Civil Rights Movement.