Renaissance (Vittoria & Catharina) (Causes (Advantages that made Italy…
Renaissance (Vittoria & Catharina)
An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements.
Humanists influenced artists and architects to carry on classical traditions.
Humanists popularized the study of subjects common to classical education.
Individuals can accomplish great things on their own.
Dialect spoken by ordinary people in a region
It was created local slangs from the Latin language, forming many words we know today
Merchant class and cities getting filthy rich due to increase in trade. Patrons paid for art, such as portraits.
It became easier to accumulate wealth and industry continued to grow.
The governments began to tax the citizens to support their military and government.
monarchs that deffied the church and pope.
Governments focused on reducing the impact religion had on the economy and politics.
Western Europe began to gain more power and influence
With the invention of the printer, knowledge was spread. With more knowledge, people started to question the church.
People changed the way they viewed art
They led to new values, such as the importance of the individual
Techniques & Styles
Artists started to portrait exactly what they saw, Michelangelo and Buonarroti used a realistic style when depicting the human body
Portraited more of an realistic idea, and had more variety of colors and vibrasnt tones
Is based on a optical ilusion,as the parallel lines stretch away from a viewer, it seems that they draw together, until they meet at a spot on the horizon, the vanishing point.
Rafael Sanzio was famous for his use of perspective. Learned form studying Michelangelo and Leonardo's works. Filled the walls of Pope Julius II's library with paintings, one of his most famous work.
Leonardo da Vinci was a painter, inventor, sculptor and scientist. He was ineterested on how things worked and studied how a muscle moves and how veins are arranged in a leaf. One of his best-known works is the Monalisa, which is recognice also by its spectacular realistic traces,
A mural painting made upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster. More durable and opaque.
The Fall of Constantinople was also one of the main causes since it was the center of learning where many Greek scholars lived.
Humanism was also an important cause when talking about the Renaissance. The humanists believed that Greek and Latin contained all the lessons they needed
The invention of the printing machine also helped because the price of the books was cheap therefore they were very acessible for the population which were now more informed.
Advantages that made Italy the birthplace of the Renaissance
City-States: since cities are where people exchange ideas, they were an ideal breeding ground for an intellectual revolution
Wealthy merchant class: because city-states were small, a high percentage of citizens could be involved in politics. Merchants dominated politics
Classical heritage of Greece and Rome: scholars wanted to return to the learning of the Greeks and Romans
Some of the kings, merchants and nobles encouraged new literature and art like Francis I, Henry VIII and Charles V.
Martin Luther and the 95 theses influenced a lot on questioning the power of the church, and the Medici family support of the arts and humanities also influenced a lot on the growth of the Renaissance