A Guide to the Good Life: The Ancient Art of Stoic Joy (Stoic Advice I…
A Guide to the Good Life: The Ancient Art of Stoic Joy
Stoic Advice II
Stoicism For Modern Life
Stoic Advice I
Personal Values: On Luxurious Living
It is possible to enjoy something and at the same time be indifferent to it.
We should spend time preparing for the loss of it. Periodically pr acting poverty.
The man who adapts himself to his slender means and makes himself wealthy on a little sum, is the truly rich man
An amount that does not descend to poverty, and yet is not far removed from poverty.
Desire for wealth is unnatural desire. Natural desire can be satisfied.
Experiencing luxury only whets their appetite for even more luxury
Rather than mourning the loss of their ability to enjoy simple things, they take pride in their newly gained inability to enjoy anything but "the best"
We lose our ability to take delight in simple things
Not needing a wealth is more valuable than wealth itself is.
Why desire so much when you can hold so litlte?
Personal Values: On Seeking Fame
By refusing to see the adminiration of other people, stoic gain their admiration.
Peopele don't want you to succed because that makes look them bad.
Do thinkgs that trigger their disdain
If you want to win admiration from other people you must agree to their defination of what success is.
Not concern ourselves with things we can't control
its foolish for us to worry about what other people think of us and particularly foolish for us to seek the approval of people who values we reject.
If our goal is to please others, then we lose ability to please ourself
do I really want to pay the price?
Anger: On Overcoming Anti-Joy
No plague has cost the human race more.
Grief: On Vanquishing Tears with Reason
Retrospective negative visualation
Insults: On Putting Up with Put-Downs
Do i value this person?
Mention other much worst insult
That wahat is insulting is not the person who abuses you or hits you, but the judgement about them that they are insulting
Pause. Consider whatever insulter said is true?
Social Relations: On dealing with Other People
Best revange is to refuse to be like him.
They are fated to behave in certain way. Fatalism
By letting ourselves become annoyed we only make thing worse.
That there are doubtless people who find us annoying.
Avoid whiny people
Spend time with unclean person and you will become unclean as well
Duty: On Loving Mankind
Person who performs well the function of man will be both rational and social
Stoic Psychological Tehniques
Meditation: Watching Ourselves Practice Stoicism
Meditate on the events of daily living, how we responded to these events, and how, in accordance with Stoic principles, we should have responded to them
Continue to practice stoicism even when success looks hopeless
Did something disrupt my tranquality, did i experience anger, envy, lust? What events upset me? Is there something i could have done to avoid getting upset
We should be so inconspicuous that others don't label us Stoics - or even label us philosophers
We should play role of participant and spectator. We should create stoic observer that watches us how we practice stocism
Our philosophy will consist of actions rather than words
We should continually ask whether we are being governed by our reason or by something else
Judge our progress as Stoics
Stoic mental checklist.
Self-Denial: On Dealing with the Dark Side of Pleasure
Water, barley-meal and crusts of barley-bread -> They are not cheerful diet yet it is the highest kind of pleasure to be able to derive pleasure from this sort of food.
Conciously abstaning from pleasure can itself be pleasent.
Enjoy pleasures from friendship, family life, a meal, or even wealth but they counsel us to be circumspect in our enjoyment of these things. Don't cling to it
If we lack self-control, we are likely to be distracted by the various pleasures life has to offer, and in this distracted state, we are unlikely to attain the goals of our philosophy of life
Always abstain on pleasures that can capture you in single encounter
The more pleasure -> "The more masters will he have to serve"
Person who periodically experiences minor discomforts will grow confident that he can withstand major discomforts as well, Buliding courage. Something in present
Someone who tries to avoid all discomfort is less likely to be comfortable than someone who periodically embraces discomfort. The latter individual is likely to have a much wider comfort zone and therefore feel comfortable under ciircumstances that would cause the former individiual considerable distress
Discomfort help us appreciate what we already have
We harden our selves against misfortunes that might befaull us in the future
We should some time cause them bad things to happen to us.
Fatalism: Letting Go of the Past... and the Present
In engaging in negative visulazation, we think of ways our situation could be worse, and our goal in doing so is to make us value whatever we have.
Living in this fleeting instanst
We can either spend this moment wishing it could be different, or we can embrace this moment
To happen as they happen
We don't have control over past nor do we have any control over present
Stoic advice us to be fatalistic with respect to the past, past cannot be changed.
Respect to past -> Her actions can have no effect on the past
Respect to future -> keep firmly in mind when deciding what to do, that her actions can have no effect on future events
We should keep firmly in mind that we are merly actors in a play written by someone else. Fate
The Dichotomy of Control on Becoming Invicible
if we want things that are not up to us though, we will sometimes fail to get what we want, and when this happens we will "meet missfortune" and feel miserable and upset
We cant control Wealth, Reputation, Office, Body
We have control opinions, impulses, desires and aversions
Part of control ->
Internalizing our Goals
There a things on which we have complete control/no control/some of control.
Trichotromy of Control
Some things are up to us, some are not up to us.
It is better and easier to change yourself and what you want than it is to change the world around you.
One of most important choice of life is whether to concern ourselves with things external to us or things internal
Do not develop over-much love for the things we enjoy. The user, but not the slave, of the gifts of Fortune.
Contemplation is an intellectual exercise and it is possible for us to conduct such exercises without its affecting our emotions. 2-3 times a day
- Bad things that happen to us instead happened to others
Negative visualization = Full-Blown optimists
Hedonic Adaption - Once you get it, you don't find as desirable as they once did.
Everying we posses in "on loan from Fortune, which can reclaim it without permession"
The easiest way of getting happiness is to want thing we already have
"He robs present ills of their power who has perceived their coming beforehand"
Negative visualization is antidote to hedonic adaptation
Instead of thinking how our situation could be worse, we refuse to think about how it could be better
The Rise of Stoicism
The First Stoics
We are rational, as are the gods. We are therefore a curious hybrid, half-animal and half -god
One benefit of attaining virtue is to that will experience tranquality
Sage = Budha
We are designed to be
To be virtuous, then is to live as we were designed to live, it is to live, as Zeno put it, in accordance with nature
Philosophy Takes an Interest in LIfe
Pursue Tranquility and give us advice on how to maintain it.
Stoicism is philosophy, it has a significant psychological component. Life plagued with negative emotions - anger, anxiety, fear, grief and envy - will not be a good life.
Grand goal in living is the first component of philosophy of life
in life != out life